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Bulletin Article

7963
 
Organic-carbon–rich shales of the lower Marcellus Formation were deposited at the toe and basinward of a prograding clinothem associated with a Mahantango Formation delta complex centered near Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. Distribution of these organic-carbon–rich shales was influenced by shifts in the delta complex driven by changes in rates of accommodation creation and by a topographically high carbonate bank that formed along the Findlay-Algonquin arch during deposition of the Onondaga Formation. Specifically, we interpret the Union Springs member (Shamokin Member of the Marcellus Formation) and the Onondaga Formation as comprising a single third-order depositional sequence. The Onondaga Formation was deposited in the lowstand to transgressive systems tract, and the Union Springs member was deposited in the transgressive, highstand, and falling-stage systems tract. The regional extent of parasequences, systems tracts, and the interpreted depositional sequence suggest that base-level fluctuations were primarily caused by allogenic forcing—eustasy, climate, or regional thermal uplift or subsidence—instead of basement fault reactivation as argued by previous workers. Paleowater depths in the region of Marcellus Formation black mudrock accumulation were at least 330 ft (100 m) as estimated by differences in strata thickness between the northwestern carbonate bank and basinal facies to the southeast. Geochemical analysis indicates anoxic to euxinic bottom-water conditions. These conditions were supported by a deep, stratified basin with a lack of circulation.
5774
 

Sandstone pressures follow the hydrostatic gradient in Miocene strata of the Mad Dog field, deep-water Gulf of Mexico, whereas pore pressures in the adjacent mudstones track a trend from well to well that can be approximated by the total vertical stress gradient. The sandstone pressures within these strata are everywhere less than the bounding mudstone pore pressures, and the difference between them is proportional to the total vertical stress. The mudstone pressure is predicted from its porosity with an exponential porosity-versus-vertical effective stress relationship, where porosity is interpreted from wireline velocity. Sonic velocities in mudstones bounding the regional sandstones fall within a narrow range throughout the field from which we interpret their vertical effective stresses can be approximated as constant. We show how to predict sandstone and mudstone pore pressure in any offset well at Mad Dog given knowledge of the local total vertical stress. At Mad Dog, the approach is complicated by the extraordinary lateral changes in total vertical stress that are caused by changing bathymetry and the presence or absence of salt. A similar approach can be used in other subsalt fields. We suggest that pore pressures within mudstones can be systematically different from those of the nearby sandstones, and that this difference can be predicted. Well programs must ensure that the borehole pressure is not too low, which results in borehole closure in the mudstone intervals, and not too high, which can result in lost circulation to the reservoir intervals.

Explorer Article

8473
 

Shale formations can confound even the savviest geoscientist when it comes to determining the inner workings of the rock. After expert evaluation, even the most attractive prospecting deal can be a tough sell. And there’s almost always a new piece to each of these puzzles that requires some sophisticated high-tech explaining.

8045
 

Oklahoma! As-yet unlocked SCOOP and STACK plays have plen’y of room for maturation and development.

Explorer Emphasis

2681
 

Quartet made its debut in the industry this year. The reviews are in and it looks like the value brought to the field is proving it to be innovative and time-saving.

2680
 

The high-cost of drilling environments has been addressed by a new technology using wireless telemetry to feed real-time data back to the surface. Here's one review.

2679
 

Geosteering takes advantage of subsurface data being interpreted in real time in order to enable steering decisions during the process. The object if identifying target versus non-target stratigraphic horizons. Learn more about advancements made in this area.

Explorer Historical Highlight

2692
 

The presence of natural gas in Kansas was known in pre-territorial time, as it was escaping from “oil springs” in Miami County in the region’s northeast part – there is some evidence that it was collected and used by local American Indians before any easterners settled in what would become the Sunflower State.

Wiki Article

9048
 

From AAPG Wiki: Offshore rigs are similar to land rigs but with several additional features to adapt them to the marine environment. Those features include: Heliport, Living quarters, Cranes and Riser.

9046
 

From AAPG Wiki

Field Seminar

Great Falls Montana United States 08 September, 2014 13 September, 2014 150
 
Great Falls, Montana, United States
8-13 September 2014

The seminar will utilize traverses to examine multiple thrust sheets exposed in Sun River Canyon, the famous Teton Anticline, and an outstanding example of an exposed fractured reservoir along a fault‐propagated fold in Mississippian carbonates as Swift Reservoir. Participants will examine the mechanics of fracturing, folding, and faulting in thrust belt terrains, identify and discuss new ideas regarding the geometry and kinematics of the development of thrust belts, compare seismic interpretation with outcrop examples, and analyze stratigraphic concepts which are essential in the exploration of thrust belt targets.

Forum

Oklahoma City Oklahoma United States 29 May, 2014 29 May, 2014 3810
 
Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, United States
29 May 2014
Join us for an intensive one-day forum which will focus on optimizing the exploration and development of the Woodford Shale. We're looking at recent findings in geochemistry and geomechanics to understand how best to drill and complete the reservoir, and also where the productive limits may be.

Workshop

Muscat Oman 28 April, 2014 30 April, 2014 8522
 
Muscat, Oman
28-30 April 2014

This workshop will focus on the technologies and techniques through a comprehensive technical program with presentations and discussions to share experiences, case studies, and opportunities.

Ho Chi Minh Viet Nam 25 May, 2014 28 May, 2014 7913
 
Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam
25-28 May 2014

The purpose of this workshop is to bring together all stakeholders necessary to consider the potential bottle-necks and pinch point related to optimising a field’s production given a full understanding of the necessary components from the reservoir to the well-head.

Pittsburgh Pennsylvania United States 17 June, 2014 19 June, 2014 3780
 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
17-19 June 2014

Two of the top unconventional plays just keep getting stronger. Learn why they are successful, and how to optimize exploration and development.

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