Russia, Denmark (through Greenland) and Canada all claim
that their territories extend to the North Pole. This is despite the fact that
the Pole is well over 400 miles from the shores of any Arctic country. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the
Sea Treaty provides a mechanism for recognizing national territorial claims
beyond the traditional 200-nautical-mile limit if a country’s continental shelf
extends further. The United States is not a party to the Convention so it will not be staking a claim.
Added on 17 December, 2014