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The search for unconventional hydrocarbons is not new. It’s true that almost 100 years separated the early exploration successes in the synclinal valleys of Central Pennsylvania, to the exploitation of Coal-Bed Methane in a number of basins in the U.S. and Canada in the 1980’s. Since the 1980's, however, a quiet revolution began which by today has seen several waves of unconventional resources being pursued with economic success. Coal-bed methane was followed by the search for Center-Basin Gas, Shale Gas and most recently, Liquid-rich Shales (some of which aren't shales).

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The past 30+ years have witnessed a wide variety of exploration strategies and a number of technological “revolutions” in the search for oil and gas. Although the exploration landscape and tools of the trade are so different than they were in the early 1980’s, in one aspect we appear to have come full circle, realizing that a deep understanding of our basins is the critical element in any success.
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A seismic interpretation study of reflection profiles was undertaken to identify sedimentary and structural components of the tectonic development of the West Greenland continental margin. The new structural framework reveals a long and complex tectono-stratigraphy and evolution.

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The style of faulting in offshore Louisiana, Gulf of Mexico, is characterized by short, arcuate regional and counterregional growth faults, which commonly form complex transfer zones above shallow, Miocene level salt bodies. South Timbalier Block 54 (ST54) constitutes one such area where a basinward-dipping regional and a landward-dipping counterregional growth fault form a convergent transfer zone.

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We use three-dimensional seismic reflection data and new map-based structural restoration methods to define the displacement history and characteristics of a series of tear faults in the deep-water Niger Delta. Deformation in the deep-water Niger Delta is focused mostly within two fold-and-thrust belts that accommodate downdip shortening produced by updip extension on the continental shelf. This shortening is accommodated by a series of thrust sheets that are locally cut by strike-slip faults. Through seismic mapping and interpretation, we resolve these strike-slip faults to be tear faults that share a common detachment level with the thrust faults. Acting in conjunction, these structures have accommodated a north –south gradient in westward-directed shortening. We apply a map-based restoration technique implemented in Gocad to restore an upper stratigraphic horizon of the late Oligocene and use this analysis to calculate slip profiles along the strike-slip faults. The slip magnitudes and directions change abruptly along the lengths of the tear faults as they interact with numerous thrust sheets. The discontinuous nature of these slip profiles reflects the manner in which they have accommodated differential movement between the footwall and hanging-wall blocks of the thrust sheets. In cases for which the relationship between a strike-slip fault and multiple thrust faults is unclear, the recognition of this type of slip profile may distinguish thin-skinned tear faults from more conventional deep-seated, throughgoing strike-slip faults.
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Deltaic subsidence constitutes a classic geological problem, with implications for the accumulation of resource reservoirs as well as coastal degradation associated with accelerated relative sea-level rise.

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The following short course option was developed for geology and geophysics students that have not had much exposure to how geoscience is applied in industry. It can be tailored for undergraduate juniors and seniors or graduate students. The agenda can be modified to meet specific needs and time constraints. Contact the presenter to discuss options.

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Offshore Angola has to date delivered recoverable reserves in excess of 20 billion barrels of oil equivalent. This has been encountered in two distinct play systems: the Upper Cretaceous Pinda carbonates sourced by Lower Creatceous lacustrine mudstones and Tertiary deepwater slope turbidite sands sourced by underlying Upper Cretaceous marine mudstones. An extension of the Girassol play into Block 18 to the south will be used to describe how high quality 3D seismic data coupled with a detailed analysis of rock properties led to an unprecedented 6 successes out of 6 wells in the block, including the giant Plutonio discovery. Industry is turning once more to the carbonate play potential - this time in deepwater. It would seem that the Angola offshore success story is set to continue for some time to come.

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We describe the structure, microstructure, and petrophysical properties of fault rocks from two normal fault zones formed in low-porosity turbiditic arkosic sandstones, in deep diagenesis conditions similar to those of deeply buried reservoirs. These fault rocks are characterized by a foliated fabric and quartz-calcite sealed veins, which formation resulted from the combination of the (1) pressure solution of quartz, (2) intense fracturing sealed by quartz and calcite cements, and (3) neoformation of synkinematic white micas derived from the alteration of feldspars and chlorite. Fluid inclusion microthermometry in quartz and calcite cements demonstrates fault activity at temperatures of 195degC to 268degC. Permeability measurements on plugs oriented parallel with the principal axes of the finite strain ellipsoid show that the Y axis (parallel with the foliation and veins) is the direction of highest permeability in the foliated sandstone (10–2 md for Y against 10–3 md for X, Z, and the protolith, measured at a confining pressure of 20 bars). Microstructural observations document the localization of the preferential fluid path between the phyllosilicate particles forming the foliation. Hence, the direction of highest permeability in these fault rocks would be parallel with the fault and subhorizontal, that is, perpendicular to the slickenlines representing the local slip direction on the fault surface. We suggest that a similar relationship between kinematic markers and fault rock permeability anisotropy may be found in other fault zone types (reverse or strike-slip) affecting feldspar-rich lithologies in deep diagenesis conditions.
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In-Person Training
Croydon United Kingdom 22 March, 2016 22 March, 2016 21839 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/er-gtw-basin-mastery-22mar2016-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Structure, Structural Analysis (Other), Tectonics (General), Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Geochemistry and Basin Modeling, Basin Modeling, Maturation, Migration, Oil and Gas Analysis, Petroleum Systems, Source Rock, Thermal History
Croydon, United Kingdom
22 March 2016

This is the last of three Basin Mastery workshops provided by AAPG Europe and PESGB at the PESGB headquarters in Croydon. The course aims to take delegates from basin-to-play-to-prospect though a detailed exploration history and specific areas of expertise including structural geology and petroleum systems. This final workshop focuses on the Atlantic Equatorial Basins.

Bari Italy 26 April, 2016 27 April, 2016 22865 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/Clastics-Discussion-Group-here.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Structure, Fold and Thrust Belts, Structural Analysis (Other), Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Geochemistry and Basin Modeling, Petroleum Systems, Source Rock, Maturation, Migration
Bari, Italy
26-27 April 2016

Many factors and processes contribute to imparting an extraordinary complexity to carbonate reservoirs and source rocks. This unique complexity makes exploration and production of the huge petroleum resources hosted in carbonate sequences a very challenging task. This meeting follows the success of the conference held in Naples in April 2014 and aims at bringing together experts of different disciplines from the academia and the oil and gas industry. We invite you to share your experience on new approaches, new tools and new ways of integrating geological and geophysical information that can help in reducing the uncertainties related to the characterization and modeling of carbonate sequences and reservoirs.

Calgary Alberta Canada 17 June, 2016 17 June, 2016 23776 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/ACE-2016-SC-04-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Member, Short Courses, Conventions, Pre-Convention, Geophysics, Structure, Compressional Systems, Structural Analysis (Other), Geomechanics and Fracture Analysis
Calgary, Alberta, Canada
17 June 2016

Depending on the geological history and structural framework, the spatial distribution of natural fractures may be inhomogeneous and erratic. Statistical approaches involving the extrapolation of limited direct observations often fail to encapsulate the variability within these sub-surface fracture systems. Understanding of the relationship between the shape or strain history of a surface and observed fractures provides predictive strength in areas with limited direct observations.

Great Falls Montana United States 12 September, 2016 17 September, 2016 150 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/fs-Fractures-Folds-and-Faults-in-Thrusted-Terrains.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Structure, Geomechanics and Fracture Analysis, Structural Analysis (Other), Geochemistry and Basin Modeling, Source Rock, Geophysics, Seismic, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Development and Operations, Engineering, Directional Drilling, Oil Shale
Great Falls, Montana, United States
12-17 September 2016
The seminar will utilize traverses to examine multiple thrust sheets exposed in Sun River Canyon, the famous Teton Anticline, and an outstanding example of an exposed fractured reservoir along a fault‐propagated fold in Mississippian carbonates as Swift Reservoir. Participants will examine the mechanics of fracturing, folding, and faulting in thrust belt terrains, identify and discuss new ideas regarding the geometry and kinematics of the development of thrust belts, compare seismic interpretation with outcrop examples, and analyze stratigraphic concepts which are essential in the exploration of thrust belt targets.
Online Training
21 August, 2014 21 August, 2099 10831 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/esymp-mexicos-oil-and-gas-history-new-discoveries-opportunities-and-energy-reform-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
21 August 2014 - 21 August 2099
The goal of this e-symposium is to review the status of the Mexican upstream sector, and to provide a review of the most prolific and prospective areas in Mexico, with a focus on opportunities for international participation, given the upcoming energy reform in Mexico. 
19 August, 2010 19 August, 2010 1462 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-challenging-the-paradigm-missing-section-normal-fault.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
19 August 2010

This presentation will show where there are cases of missing sections, but none of them can be attributed to normal faulting.

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