Abstract: Human Kidney Stone Formation: Insights from Yellowstone, Roman Aqueducts and the Deep Microbial Biosphere

Human kidney stone formation (nephrolithiasis) presently affects 12% of men and 5% of women in the United States, generating an estimated annual healthcare cost of $2.1 billion. A first of its kind analysis is being untaken of the integrated role of human microorganisms (the microbiome) in influencing the dynamics of human disease-related mineral precipitation (biomineralization). Direct comparison and inference is being drawn from geobiological studies of microbe-water-rock interactions in Yellowstone hot-springs, Caribbean coral reefs and Roman aqueducts. This work includes analyses of microbial communities, their genetic and biochemical components, and their interactions with micro-environmental physical and chemical conditions. All of which is being conducted within the three-dimensional (3D) structural context and function of specific diseased human body parts. We will evaluate pilot results that are suggesting surprising new approaches for the development of clinical approaches to prevention and treatment.

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Distinguished Lecturer

Bruce W.

Bruce W. Fouke

Roy M. Huffington Distinguished Lecturer

Professor of Geology, Microbiology and the Institute for Genomic Biology, Director of the Roy J. Carver Biotechnology Center, University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Illinois, USA