BASF's Freeport site employs almost 600 employees and 300 contractors and produces chemicals that are used in a wide range of product applications including adhesives, superabsorbers, paints and coatings, nylon and plastics.BASF's Freeport site employs almost 600 employees and 300 contractors and produces chemicals that are used in a wide range of product applications including adhesives, superabsorbers, paints and coatings, nylon and plastics.

Petroleum comes from many different substances, such as oil and natural gas, from which various products are derived, such as: gasoline, kerosene propane, fuel oil, lubricating oil, wax, and asphalt. These substances are mainly compounds of only two elements: carbon (C) and hydrogen (H). They are called, therefore: hydrocarbons.

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The specific study of petroleum is referred to as petroleum geochemistry. Understanding petroleum geochemistry is critical in the exploration and development of petroleum.