Bulletin Article


This article addresses the controls exerted by sedimentologic and diagenetic factors on the preservation and modification of pore-network characteristics (porosity, pore types, sizes, shapes, and distribution) of carbonates belonging to the Bolognano Formation. This formation, exposed at the Majella Mountain, Italy, is composed of Oligocene–Miocene carbonates deposited in middle- to outer-ramp settings. The carbonates consist of (1) grainstones predominantly composed of either larger benthic foraminifera, especially Lepidocyclina, or bryozoans; (2) grainstones to packstones with abundant echinoid plates and spines; and (3) marly wackestones to mudstones with planktonic foraminifera.

The results of this field- and laboratory-based study are consistent with skeletal grain assemblages, grain sizes, sorting, and shapes, all representing the sedimentologic factors responsible for high values of connected primary macroporosity in grainstones deposited on the high-energy, middle to proximal outer ramp. Cementation, responsible for porosity reduction and overall macropore shape and distribution in grainstones to packstones deposited on the intermediate outer ramp, was mainly dependent on the following factors: (1) amount of echinoid plates and spines, (2) grain size, (3) grain sorting and shapes, and (4) clay amount. Differently, in the wackestones to mudstones, laid down on the low-energy, distal outer ramp, matrix is the key sedimentologic factor responsible for low values of scattered macroporosity and dominance of microporosity. The aforementioned results may be useful to improve the prediction of reservoir quality by means of mapping, simulating, and assessing individual carbonate facies with peculiar pore-network characteristics.

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Explorer Article


What would you give for an early detection system for earthquakes? Detecting those first waves of compression could help.

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Using a combination of certain seismic techniques helped bring success to a team of fracture-hunting geoscientists.

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Technical award winners have been announced for the 2011 AAPG International Conference and Exhibition, held last October in Milan, Italy.

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Hall of Fame: Italy’s majestic Dolomites have been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site, thanks to the efforts of a dedicated team of geologists – including an AAPG member who knows the region like the back of his hand.

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Explorer Emphasis


Sometimes the best seismic data acquisition system for a job is a combination of two.

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A new report from the U.K., headed by a petroleum geologist who's familiar to AAPG audiences, recommends caution and some restrictions for use of hydraulic fracturing in new areas.

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Explorer Regions and Sections

AAPG Europe’s latest Geosciences Technology Workshop (GTW), “Fractured Reservoirs: The Geological, Geophysical and Engineering Tools to Crack Them,” provided the opportunity to visit the island of Sicily, steeped both in beauty and an active geological history. And what is a trip to Sicily without a visit to the tallest volcano in Europe?
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Nearly 200 attendees from 29 countries attended the inaugural APPEX Regional 2012 event, held Nov. 8-9 in Istanbul, Turkey, and organized in association with Turkey’s National Oil Company, TPAO.

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AAPG’s Europe Region has a new president: Welcome to Vlasta Dvorakova, who has been a very active president-elect over the past couple of years before assuming the presidential reins in June.Vlasta works for the Czech Geological Survey in Brno, Czech Republic.

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Bari Italy 26 April, 2016 27 April, 2016 22865
Bari, Italy
26-27 April 2016

Many factors and processes contribute to imparting an extraordinary complexity to carbonate reservoirs and source rocks. This unique complexity makes exploration and production of the huge petroleum resources hosted in carbonate sequences a very challenging task. This meeting follows the success of the conference held in Naples in April 2014 and aims at bringing together experts of different disciplines from the academia and the oil and gas industry. We invite you to share your experience on new approaches, new tools and new ways of integrating geological and geophysical information that can help in reducing the uncertainties related to the characterization and modeling of carbonate sequences and reservoirs.

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