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The AAPG course on “Rock/Fluid Interactions and Natural Fracture Development and Alteration” provides a practical approach to defining reservoir fluid and pressure related natural fracture generation and fracture property alteration in conventional and unconventional reservoirs. This course is part of AAPG’s upcoming Fundamentals Education Conference, taking place November 9-13, in Houston, TX.
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The generation of point bars by lateral accretion during lateral expansion and downstream translation of river meanders is a well described process, and a primary means for generation of sandy bar reservoirs within fluvial strata. Further examination of this process in modern and ancient settings points, however, to a wide variation on this simple theme.

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The linkage of process to stratigraphic expression is based primarily upon the observation that modern depositional patterns replicate in the ancient. Uniformitarianism implies that this commonality in pattern translates to a commonality in causal mechanism.
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The Mexican Interior Basin formed in early Late Cretaceous time as a narrow retroarc foreland basin developed on recently rifted continental crust of nuclear Mexico. It differs from the contemporary Cordilleran foreland basin to the north, with which it was coextensive, in having a dominant volcanic-lithic component in all of its sandstones.

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Production from self-sourced reservoirs relies on natural and induced fracturing to enhance permeability and produce connected pathways for hydrocarbons to flow back to producing wellbores; thus, natural or induced fracturing is key to the success of unconventional reservoir plays. In addition to enhancing production, large or well-connected fractures or faults may cause undesirable complications for production. 

Natural and induced fractures are influenced by: (i) mechanical stratigraphy, (ii) preexisting natural deformation such as faults, fractures, and folds, and (iii) in situ stress conditions, which includes both natural stresses and stresses modified by stimulation and pressure depletion (Ferrill et al. 2014b). Understanding the occurrence and controls on natural and induced faulting and fracturing in self-sourced reservoirs is a key component for developing effective approaches for exploiting hydrocarbons within self-sourced reservoirs.

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Sequence stratigraphy is an evolving field that has thus defied all attempts at formalization. Part of this resistance to stability is because central assumptions core to the science maintain scrutiny and occasionally undergo either modification or full refute.

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During the last glacial maximum (LGM), the Antarctic ice sheets expanded, reaching the shelf break in many places, including in the Antarctic Peninsula (AP); since the end of the LGM (~14,000 years ago) ice has retreated back to its current position, leaving a suite of subglacial geomorphic features on the seafloor. Sedimentary archives sequestered in deep fjords have formed under marine conditions, recording the ongoing glacial retreat and climatic fluctuations.

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Channel belts are the principle reservoirs in fluvial systems. The degree to which these belts are merged or separated is a critical determiner for reservoir volumes. The degree to which reservoirs within belts are connected is equally critical.

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The New Madid seismic zone (NMSZ) is the second highest risk area for earthquake hazard in the United States. Its fame arises from a cluster of at least three great earthquakes during the winter of 1811/1812 that shook most of the North American continent. A repeat of these earthquakes would deeply impact the mid-continent region and potentially be devastating to the nearby cities of St. Louis and Memphis.

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In-Person Training
Casper Wyoming United States 22 August, 2016 26 August, 2016 24361 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/fs-Casper-Fracture-School.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Structure, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Geophysics, Engineering, Petrophysics and Well Logs, Geomechanics and Fracture Analysis, Clastics, Carbonates, Seismic, Reservoir Characterization, Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs
 
Casper, Wyoming, United States
22-26 August 2016

Take advantage of this unique opportunity to learn all the aspects related to the understanding and modeling of fractured reservoirs. Attendees will take geologic concepts and use them in reservoir modeling through hands-on sessions devoted to the examination of outcrop, core and log data. They will use that information and a software to create 3D fractured reservoir models. Using actual Teapot Dome (Wyoming, USA) field data from the Tensleep and Niobrara Shale formations and a hands-on approach, the workshop allows the geoscientist to identify fractures and to construct predictive 3D fracture models that can be used to identify productive zones, plan wells and to create fracture porosity and permeability models for reservoir simulation.

Columbia South Carolina United States 11 September, 2016 18 September, 2016 72 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/fs-Modern-Terrigenous-Clastic-Depositional-Systems.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Clastics, Regressive Deposits, Marine, Low Stand Deposits, High Stand Deposits
 
Columbia, South Carolina, United States
11-18 September 2016

This field seminar offers an excellent opportunity for the students to walk on a variety of modern terrigenous clastic depositional systems while observing sedimentary processes, modern sedimentary structures, and numerous trenches illuminating the three-dimensional architecture of each area.

Salt Lake City Utah United States 18 September, 2016 25 September, 2016 151 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/FS-lacustrine-basin-exploration-2014.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Clastics, Lacustrine Deposits, Oil Shale, Geochemistry and Basin Modeling, Source Rock, Fluvial Deltaic Systems, Petrophysics and Well Logs, Geophysics, Seismic
 
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States
18-25 September 2016

Participants will learn a specific and comprehensive methodology for finding and developing conventional and unconventional oil and gas resources associated with lake deposits. The seminar will start with the Quaternary Bonneville basin in Utah, to build familiarity with lacustrine depositional processes. Participants then examine world-famous exposures of organic-rich mudstone, fluvial sandstone, and carbonate microbialite facies in Wyoming.

Grand Junction Colorado United States 28 September, 2016 05 October, 2016 86 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/fs-sedimentology-and-sequence-stratigraphic-response-of-paralic-deposits.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Clastics, Sequence Stratigraphy, Fluvial Deltaic Systems, Estuarine Deposits, Marine, Incised Valley Deposits, High Stand Deposits, Low Stand Deposits, Petrophysics and Well Logs
 
Grand Junction, Colorado, United States
28 September - 5 October 2016

Participants will learn through the use of spectacular outcrops, subsurface datasets, and stratigraphic modeling how these systems tracts and key surfaces (flooding surfaces and sequence boundaries) may be recognized.

Naples Italy 01 October, 2016 07 October, 2016 36 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/fs-carb-complex-carbonate-reservoirs-sedimentation.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Structure, Fold and Thrust Belts, Engineering, Reservoir Characterization, Carbonate Platforms
 
Naples, Italy
1-7 October 2016

The main part of the field seminar will focus on the description of the fractured carbonates and the extrapolation from the outcrop observations to the subsurface for building geologically plausible reservoir models.

Houston Texas United States 03 October, 2016 04 October, 2016 30927 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/Carbonate Rocks.JPG?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Engineering, Sequence Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Production, Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs, Carbonate Reefs, Carbonate Platforms, Tertiary Recovery
 
Houston, Texas, United States
3-4 October 2016

This course is for earth scientists and engineers involved in exploration or production from carbonate rocks. This is an introductory course that assumes no pre-existing knowledge. It moves from basic principles to advanced ideas and case studies that will also help experienced geoscientists with practical aspects of carbonate depositional systems.

Houston Texas United States 03 October, 2016 04 October, 2016 30929 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/the-petroleum-geochemistry-toolkit-for-petroleum-exploration-and-development-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Geochemistry and Basin Modeling, Petroleum Systems, Source Rock, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Oil and Gas Analysis
 
Houston, Texas, United States
3-4 October 2016
This course will provide sufficient background to better understand basic principles of petroleum geochemistry, how best to use geochemistry in their exploration or development study area, determine the limitations of geochemical data/interpretation, and types of samples and analysis required to evaluate a basin, region, play, or well. 
Houston Texas United States 05 October, 2016 06 October, 2016 30596 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/gtw-making-money-with-mature-fields-geosciences-technology-workshop-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Petrophysics and Well Logs, Clastics, Conventional Sandstones
 
Houston, Texas, United States
5-6 October 2016

The goal of this workshop is to review mature fields and to identify the amount and nature of oil that can be recovered, and to evaluate competing strategies for economically producing the remaining reserves. In addition to looking closely at fields, we will review new and improved technologies that may help revitalize reservoirs and overcome problems such as low pressure, paraffin, corrosion, and more. We will identify companies willing to offer a “no money down” approach, or other forms of innovative financing. In addition to reviewing the technology, we will review case studies.

Online Training
19 March, 2015 19 March, 2015 16283 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/New-Insights-into-the-Stratigraphic-Framework-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
19 March 2015

A detailed biostratigraphic analysis and stratigraphic framework of the Paleocene and Eocene Chicontepec Formation in the Tampico-Misantla basin, onshore eastern Mexico, was conducted using 33 wells.

02 October, 2014 02 October, 2014 10593 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/esymp-concepts-of-scale-horizontal-development-of-wolfcamp-shale-oil-of-the-southern-midland-basin-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
2 October 2014
This course is ideal for individuals involved in Midland Basin exploration and development. Successful development of Wolfcamp shale oil relies on complex inter-relationships (ultimately interdependencies) within and between a wide variety of scientific disciplines, financial entities, and company partnerships. 
09 September, 2014 09 September, 2014 10591 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/esymp-fluid-migration-and-accumulation-within-the-mississippian-why-2-oil-cut-here-15-one-mile-away-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
9 September 2014
Water cut is a big factor in gauging the success of horizontal drilling in the Mississippi Lime Play (MLP). The contributing factors are related in part to the spectrum of producing lithofacies and reservoir quality encountered that varies laterally and vertically, sometimes dramatically. 
08 December, 2011 08 December, 2011 1480 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-connectivity-in-fluvial-systems.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
8 December 2011

This e-symposium focuses on methods for predicting connectivity within clastic fluvial systems.

13 December, 2012 13 December, 2012 1494 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-petrophysics-of-shales.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
13 December 2012

The course will review core data, petrophysical comparisons, rock physics modeling (including pseudo logs and mechanical properties).

10 November, 2011 10 November, 2011 1481 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-heterogeneity-in-carbonate-reservoirs.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
10 November 2011

This work investigates how heterogeneity can be defined and how we can quantify this term by describing a range of statistical heterogeneity (e.g. coefficient of variation and the Lorenz coefficient).

01 January, 2013 01 January, 9999 1459 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-cc-giant-oil-and-gas-fields.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
1 January 2013 - 1 January 9999

There are more approximately 1,000 oil and gas fields in the world that have been classified as "giant," containing more than 500 million barrels of recoverable oil and /or 3 trillion cubic feet of gas.

05 March, 2014 05 March, 2014 3812 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-virtual-field-trip-grand-canyon-bryce-and-zion.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
5 March 2014

Explore three of the great wonders of the geological world. Take a guided tour of classic geological sites on the Colorado Plateau.

07 June, 2012 07 June, 2012 1488 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-new-production-in-oil-fields.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
7 June 2012

Unger Field, discovered in1955, has produced 8.6 million barrels of oil from a thinly (several ft) bedded, locally cherty dolomite containing vuggy and intercrystalline porosity.

30 August, 2012 30 August, 2012 1489 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-mississippian-carbonates-in-kansas.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
30 August 2012

The entire Middle Pennsylvanian–to–top Precambrian basement (500 m) interval was cored in early 2011 in the BEREXCO Wellington KGS #1-32 well in Wellington Field, Sumner County, KS.

10 May, 2012 10 May, 2012 1486 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-genetic-sequences-in-eagle-ford-austin.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
10 May 2012

Recognition and Correlation of the Eagle Ford, Austin Formations in South Texas can be enhanced with High Resolution Biostratigraphy, fossil abundance peaks and Maximum Flooding Surfaces correlated to Upper Cretaceous sequence stratigraphic cycle chart after Gradstein, 2010.

21 February, 2013 21 February, 2013 1495 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-petrophysics-of-carbonates.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
21 February 2013

The course will review core data, petrophysical comparisons, rock physics modeling (including pseudo logs and mechanical properties).

07 November, 2013 07 November, 2013 1500 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-from-qualitative-to-quantitative-interpretations.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
7 November 2013

This e-symposium presentation places the interpretation of deep-water turbidites discernible in 3-D seismic inversion data within a geological context.

24 October, 2013 24 October, 2013 1499 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-geomechanical-data-from-petrophysical-logs.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
24 October 2013

This e-symposium will be introducing signal processing techniques as a means to maximize extracting geomechanical data from petrophysical logs.

25 August, 2011 25 August, 2011 1475 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-overview-of-hydraulic-fracturing-mechanics-analysis-and-design.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
25 August 2011

This e-symposium provides highlights of the hydraulic fracturing mechanics, analysis, and design, and is derived from a two and one-half (2-1/2) day course which is designed for drilling, completion, production engineers, engineering technicians, geologists, well-site and completion supervisors, and managers, who desire to possess a comprehensive and integral knowledge of Hydraulic Fracturing.

28 April, 2011 28 April, 2011 1471 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-niobrara-petroleum-system-a-major-tight-resource-play.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
28 April 2011

The Niobrara Petroleum System of the U.S. Rocky Mountain Region is a major tight petroleum resource play.

17 March, 2011 17 March, 2011 1470 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-basic-tools-for-shale-exploration.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
17 March 2011

This e-symposium will provide information on which tools, processes, and procedures all geoscientists, engineers, and technical professionals working in shale plays need to understand and implement.

17 February, 2011 17 February, 2011 1469 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-siliclastic-sequence-stratigraphy.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
17 February 2011

This presentation is designed for exploration/production geologists and geological managers or reservoir engineers.

09 December, 2010 09 December, 2010 1466 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-bakken-petroleum-system-of-the-williston-basin.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
9 December 2010

The Mississippian-Devonian Bakken Petroleum System of the Williston Basin is characterized by low-porosity and permeability reservoirs, organic-rich source rocks, and regional hydrocarbon charge.

11 November, 2010 11 November, 2010 1465 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-geochemical-evaluation-of-eagle-ford-group-source.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
11 November 2010

This e-symposium is ideal for geologists, geophysicists, engineers and other geoscientists who are involved in gas shale exploration and production.

19 August, 2010 19 August, 2010 1462 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-challenging-the-paradigm-missing-section-normal-fault.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
19 August 2010

This presentation will show where there are cases of missing sections, but none of them can be attributed to normal faulting.

29 April, 2010 29 April, 2010 1457 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-seismic-stratigraphy-seismic-geomorphology-of-deep-water.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
29 April 2010

This presentation will focus on the seismic stratigraphic and seismic geomorphologic expression of deep-water deposits, including both reservoir and non-reservoir facies.

22 October, 2009 22 October, 2009 1452 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-fluvial-stratigraphy.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
22 October 2009

This course can help you gain the ability to describe the complex and highly variable reservoirs, which are typified by complex internal heterogeneity.

01 November, 2013 01 November, 9999 452 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-toc-petroleum-exploration-production.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
1 November 2013 - 1 November 9999

This online course provides an overview of the petroleum industry from what is natural gas and crude oil to how to explore, drill, and produce oil and gas.

14 February, 3000 14 February, 3000 7817 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-generic-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
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