Home

Science

Alternative Resources

Coming Soon!
Recent Posts
No posts yet.
 
An oil executive talking in the heart of the Gulf Coast pointed to an unexpected locale in forecasting the “it” place for future gas production. His pick to be the soon-to-be-crowned king of natural gas: the Rocky Mountains.
American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/dea_emd.jpg?width=100&h=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
Readers may be aware that many petrochemicals are made from a widely used precursor or feedstock known as “syngas,” or synthesis gas. Syngas need not be made from petroleum however. It also can be made from agricultural, municipal and sanitary waste.
American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/simple-twist-on-old-tech.jpg?width=100&h=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
In the search for alternative fuel sources, one AAPG member says he has a low-tech answer to more than just the problem of reliable alternative energy.
American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/simple-twist-on-old-tech.jpg?width=100&h=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
For some oilmen, the decision to focus on wind generation wasn't so much of a stretch as it was a gust.
American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/strunk-paul.jpg?width=100&h=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
From wind to bio-fuels, Oilmen around the world are looking into alternative energy sources.
American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oilmen-looking-at-the-alternatives.jpg?width=100&h=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
Mobile /Portals/0/docs/emd/reports/annual-meeting/2006-04-08/2006-04-08-EMDAnnualMeetingCommitteeUranium.pdf?pdfwidth=306&pdfheight=400&subpixels=true&page=1&format=jpg&width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=topcenter&quality=90&encoder=freeimage&progressive=true&trim.threshold=255
 
American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Mobile /Portals/0/docs/emd/reports/annual-meeting/2006-04-08/2006-04-08-EMDAnnualMeetingCommitteeGasHydrates.pdf?pdfwidth=306&pdfheight=400&subpixels=true&page=1&format=jpg&width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=topcenter&quality=90&encoder=freeimage&progressive=true&trim.threshold=255
 
Mobile /Portals/0/docs/emd/reports/mid-year/2005-12-03/2005-12-03-EMD-Mid-YearMeetingCommitteeNominations.pdf?pdfwidth=306&pdfheight=400&subpixels=true&page=1&format=jpg&width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=topcenter&quality=90&encoder=freeimage&progressive=true&trim.threshold=255
 
Mobile /Portals/0/docs/emd/reports/mid-year/2005-12-03/2005-12-03-EMD-Mid-YearMeetingCommitteeUranium.pdf?pdfwidth=306&pdfheight=400&subpixels=true&page=1&format=jpg&width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=topcenter&quality=90&encoder=freeimage&progressive=true&trim.threshold=255
 
American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Mobile /Portals/0/docs/emd/reports/mid-year/2005-12-03/2005-12-03-EMD-Mid-YearMeetingCommitteeGasHydrates.pdf?pdfwidth=306&pdfheight=400&subpixels=true&page=1&format=jpg&width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=topcenter&quality=90&encoder=freeimage&progressive=true&trim.threshold=255
«« First |1 2 3 4 5 6 7 ... 23 24 25 26 27 28 | Last ››
In-Person Training
Lithuania 24 October, 2016 25 October, 2016 32641 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/er-gtw-gtw-hydrocarbon-exploration-lithuania-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Business and Economics, Economics, Reserve Estimation, Development and Operations, Engineering, Conventional Drilling, Coring, Production, Hydraulic Fracturing, Primary Recovery, Secondary Recovery, Gas Injection, Tertiary Recovery, Reservoir Characterization, Environmental, Natural Resources, Pollution, Geochemistry and Basin Modeling, Basin Modeling, Maturation, Migration, Oil and Gas Analysis, Oil Seeps, Petroleum Systems, Source Rock, Thermal History, Geophysics, Direct Hydrocarbon Indicators, Petrophysics and Well Logs, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Clastics, Conventional Sandstones, Deep Sea / Deepwater, Deepwater Turbidites, High Stand Deposits, Low Stand Deposits, Marine, Shelf Sand Deposits, Transgressive Deposits, Sequence Stratigraphy, Structure, Tectonics (General), Structural Analysis (Other), Salt Tectonics, Geomechanics and Fracture Analysis, Fold and Thrust Belts, Extensional Systems, Compressional Systems, Deep Basin Gas, Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs, Shale Gas, Stratigraphic Traps, Structural Traps, Subsalt Traps, Alternative Resources, Gas Hydrates
 
Lithuania
24-25 October 2016

AAPG Europe are excited to announce the first event to be held in the beautiful capital city of Vilnius, Lithuania. This Geosciences Technology Workshop will be based around the main theme "Hydrocarbon Exploration in Lithuania and the Baltic Region" and we expect interests from Latvia, Estonia, Poland and Kaliningrad.

Lithuania 26 October, 2016 26 October, 2016 33520 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/gtw-er-core-workshop-lithuanian-geological-society-2016-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Alternative Resources, Gas Hydrates, Deep Basin Gas, Fractured Carbonate Reservoirs, Shale Gas, Stratigraphic Traps, Structural Traps, Subsalt Traps, Business and Economics, Economics, Reserve Estimation, Development and Operations, Engineering, Conventional Drilling, Coring, Production, Hydraulic Fracturing, Primary Recovery, Tertiary Recovery, Secondary Recovery, Gas Injection, Water Flooding, Reservoir Characterization, Environmental, Natural Resources, Pollution, Water Resources, Geochemistry and Basin Modeling, Basin Modeling, Migration, Oil and Gas Analysis, Oil Seeps, Petroleum Systems, Source Rock, Thermal History, Geophysics, Direct Hydrocarbon Indicators, Petrophysics and Well Logs, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Clastics, Conventional Sandstones, Deep Sea / Deepwater, Deepwater Turbidites, Low Stand Deposits, Marine, Shelf Sand Deposits, Transgressive Deposits, Sequence Stratigraphy, High Stand Deposits, Structure, Fold and Thrust Belts, Extensional Systems, Salt Tectonics, Tectonics (General), Geomechanics and Fracture Analysis, Structural Analysis (Other), Compressional Systems
 
Lithuania
26 October 2016

Join AAPG Europe and the Lithuanian Geological Society for this exciting Core Workshop. This workshop will follow on from the 'Hydrocarbon Exploration in Lithuania and the Baltic Regions' event taking place at Vilnius University on 24th – 25th October.

The Early Palaeozoic Hydrocarbon System in the Baltic Basin and adjacent territories involves Middle-Late Cambrian, the Late Ordovician (Mossen & Fjacka Formations) and the Early Silurian Graptolitic Shales source rocks and the major complexes of reservoirs, associated with Middle Cambrian sandstones, Ordovician and Silurian reefogenic and carbonate build-ups.

The major reservoirs of the Baltic Basin are:

  • The Middle Cambrian (Deimena Fm). Sandstones - Producing
  • The Early Ordovician (Tremadoc, Salantai Fm.) sandstones
  • Late Ordovician (Early Ashgill) organogenic limestones/carbonate buildups
  • Late Silurian (Late Ludlow/Pridoli) reefogenic carbonate build-ups
Core Presentation:
Cores presented from the following 3 reference wells:

1. The Middle Cambrian - the Early Ordovician quartz sandstone reservoirs

The Middle Cambrian Deimena Group sandstones comprises all the major economically important oil fields located Lithuania, Latvia, Kaliningrad district and Polish onshore and Baltic Sea offshore. The other, much less significant, potential reservoirs are the Late Ordovician carbonate build-ups of Gotland (Sweden) and Southern part of Lithuania and the Late Silurian carbonate reefogenic buildups in South Lithuania (Zdanaviciute O., Sakalauskas J. eds., 2001, Zdanaviciute, Lazauskiene 2007; Kanev et al., 1994).

The reference sections would demonstrate core from fine-grained (dominated by 0.25-0.1 mm fraction (30-75%)) quartz sandstones containing thin clay and siltstone interlayers. The sandstones are to a different degree litified by compaction and predominantly cemented by quartz and diagenetic quartz cement that has the major control on reservoir properties.

The Early Ordovician

The early Ordovician Tremadoc age (Pakerort Regional Stage, Salantai Fm.) strata distributed rather locally are a reservoir unit at the base of the Ordovician succession, comprising quartz sandstones and quartz siltstones of only 0.5 to 4 m thick. It overlays directly to the Middle Cambrian Deimena Group sandstones and together form one reservoir unit with similar reservoir properties. The formation is overlain by the Early Ordovician shales. Several small oil fields are producing from this reservoir unit in the western part of Lithuania.


2. The Late Ordovician (Early Ashgill) and Late Silurian (Late Ludlow/Pridoli) organogenic limestone and reefogenic carbonate buildups reservoirs

The Late Ordovician - The Late Silurian

The reservoir rocks within the Silurian succession are the Wenlock - Early Ludlow and Pridolian reefogenic carbonates comprising secondary dolomites and reefal limestones with thicknesses of tens of meters. Silurian sequences are locally distributed along the Eastern slope of the Baltic Basin. The Wenlockian - Early Ludlow strata are up to 28 m thick; the effective porosity ranges from 12% to 17% and average permeabilities – 12-15 mD. The most favourable conditions for the formation of non-structural traps (reef-associated, lithologic-stratigraphic and combined) are associated with the carbonates (mainly stromoporoidal and crinoidal limestones) sucession of about 90 m thick of the late Ludlow- earliest Pridoli (Minija and Ventspils Formations). The reservoir rocks has mean porosities of 6-15 % and up to 26% and permeability ~465mD, reaching up to 2400mD. The Late Silurian reservoir rocks mainly occur in central and southern Lithuania in the central part of the basin.


3. Late Ordovician (Mossen & Fjacka Formations) and the Early Silurian Llandovery Black Shales

The Late Ordovician Shales

In the central and eastern part of the Baltic Basin the potential source rocks comprises dark grey and black shales of the Late Ordovician Late Caradoc-Early Asghill Fjacka and Mossen formations. Both units are generally thin, reaching only up to 5–10 m; the thicknesses of Fjack & Mossesn Formations are 6 m and 4 m respectively. TOC content are mostly in the 0.9 to 10 % range, with occasional higher values of up to 15 %. The source rock facies are kerogen type II and II-III.

The Early Silurian Shales

Potential source rocks in the Silurian succession are found within the Llandovery, Wenlock and, presumably, Ludlow-aged strata. The Silurian source rocks are composed of dark grey and black graptolite shales and dark grey and black clayey marlstones. Within the Baltic Basin organic matter content generally ranges from 0.7 to 9–11%, but can be as high as 16.46 % (fig. 5.5.b; Zdanaviciute, Lazauskiene, 2004). In terms of petrography, the organic matter is dominated by syngenetic, sapropelic and marine material, together with vitrinite-like particles and abundant faunal remains. Detrital sapropel is scattered as very fine-grained particles and lenses. Liptinite (up to 20%) generally occurs together with dispersed liptodetrinite in sapropelic organic matter, or more rarely as scattered particles. (Zdanavičiūtė, Swadowska 2002, Zdanaviciute, Lazauskiene, 2004, 2007, 2009).

Maturities in the area of interest attain at pre-Silurian level 1.3% Ro and around 1.0% Ro at Silurian source rock level, and reach 1.9% on the prominent West-Lithuanian local temperature high Zdanaviciute, Lazauskiene, 2004, 2007, 2009)

Houston Texas United States 01 December, 2016 02 December, 2016 33308 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/gtw-new-opportunities-with-drones-2016-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Alternative Resources, Business and Economics, Resource Estimates, Engineering, Development and Operations, Environmental, Structure
 
Houston, Texas, United States
1-2 December 2016

Welcome to a workshop in which we will bring together experts, equipment providers, robotics experts, and others knowledgeable in a wide range of commercial drone usage, which includes monitoring in the oil industry, digital outcrop surveying, safety and security monitoring, utility inspection, real estate, agriculture, construction, environmental protection, and more.

Online Training
01 January, 2014 01 January, 9999 3160 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-toc-strategic-decision-making.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
1 January 2014 - 1 January 9999

Learn to critically evaluate current issues that can impact growth and sustainability of oil and gas ventures.

01 January, 2013 01 January, 9999 1451 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-cc-renewable-energy-certificate.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
1 January 2013 - 1 January 9999

You may sign up for these 5 courses as a package at any time, and the courses will begin the first day of the upcoming month.

20 August, 2009 20 August, 2009 1444 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-geothermal-energy-in-the-oil-field.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
20 August 2009

This e-symposium covers advances in geothermal energy, integration with petroleum operations, and lessons learned in recent cases.

11 February, 2010 11 February, 2010 1441 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-predicting-gas-hydrates.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
11 February 2010

Gas hydrates, ice-like substances composed of water and gas molecules (methane, ethane, propane, etc.), occur in permafrost areas and in deep water marine environments.

01 January, 2013 01 January, 9999 1450 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-cc-renewable-non-renewable-resources.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
1 January 2013 - 1 January 9999

Renewable & Non-Renewable Resources is an online course that enables participants to review, analyze, and evaluate opportunities in the rapidly expanding market for renewable energy.

01 January, 2013 31 December, 2016 1449 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-cc-biomass-energy-basics.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
1 January 2013 - 31 December 2016

Biomass Energy Basics is an online course that enables participants to review, analyze, and evaluate opportunities in the rapidly expanding market for biopower and biofuel.

01 January, 2013 01 January, 9999 1448 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-cc-solar-energy-basics.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
1 January 2013 - 1 January 9999

Solar Energy Basics is an online course that enables participants to review, analyze, and evaluate opportunities in the rapidly expanding market for solar energy.

01 January, 2013 31 December, 2016 1447 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-cc-wind-energy-basics.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
1 January 2013 - 31 December 2016

Wind Energy Basics is an online course that enables participants to review, analyze, and evaluate opportunities in the rapidly expanding market for wind energy.

01 January, 2013 01 January, 9999 433 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-cc-geothermal-energy-basics.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
1 January 2013 - 1 January 9999

Geothermal Energy Basics is an online course that enables participants to review, analyze, and evaluate opportunities in the rapidly expanding market for geothermal energy.

01 January, 2013 01 January, 9999 450 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-wind-farm-operations.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
1 January 2013 - 1 January 9999

The presenters will discuss effective management of wind farm operations and the challenges often encountered. 

14 February, 3000 14 February, 3000 7817 Mobile /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-generic-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
Coming Soon

Check back often. "Find an Expert" feature is coming online soon!