11 December, 2014 Lakeway Texas United States

Fundamental Parameters Associated with Successful Hydraulic Fracturing: Means and Methods for a Better Understanding

An AAPG/SEG/SPWLA Hedberg Research Conference

7-11 December 2014
Lakeway, Texas, United States


Conference Description
Some questions we hope to answer during this conference include:
What parameters should be considered to define successful hydraulic fracturing?
  • Define effectiveness of hydraulic fracturing
  • Assessment of various measures of successful hydraulic fracturing: Productivity/mechanical/statistics/economical
  • Historical cases showing successful hydraulic fracture well based or field based.
  • No screen outs
Geomechanics parameters needed for the design /implementation of hydraulic fracture?
  • What are the best parameters to estimate the ease with which a rock will frac (frac initiation or frac propagation)
  • Practical definitions, characterization , and measurements of brittleness of a rock
  • What log suite to use for a brittleness index
  • Do we need new logs to define best distribution of hydraulic fractures in multi-zone stimulation in HW?
What are current diagnostic technologies to delineate hydraulic fractures geometries?
  • What is microseismic (MS) really telling us about the success of a frac and its volume stimulated? What parameters cannot be obtained by MS techniques?
  • How accurate is a downhole or surface microseismic technique?
  • Microseismic event versus frac contribution
  • What do chemical tracer techniques provide us?
  • Is it justifiable to run PLT in HW with multiple transverse fractures?
  • Does Well Test analysis tells us fracture geometry in tight and ultra-tight hydraulically fractured formations?
  • Other diagnostics showing success on delineating HF geometry?
How can we relate log analysis to successful HF?
  • What type of log analysis is needed to provide a pre and post hydraulic fracture assessment/
  • How are logs integrated in well placement, sweet spots identification, and successful HF implementations?
  • Influence of heterogeneity and layering on frac propagation
What are the completions techniques associated with successful HF?
  • Openhole versus cased-hole
  • Perforations, isolation, clean-up, flowback methods, new techniques, etc.
What are the current components associated with successful HF: and any new trends?
  • Frac fluids, proppant, and isolations
  • Multiple zonal and multiple wells stimulation and pumping techniques
  • Frac placement versus frac success

There is a constant and rapid evolution of hydraulic fracturing techniques; however there are important uncertainties remaining with respect to our understanding.  A current view in the industry is that 80% of the production comes from 20% of the fracs. If that is correct, considerable money is wasted by the industry. The purpose of this conference is to bring together geologists, engineers, geophysicists, petrophysicists and other geoscientists to address these issues and determine multidisciplinary solutions for the future.


The goals of this conference are to:

  • Provide an interdisciplinary setting to discuss the issues and challenges surrounding successful completion of shale or tight sands
  • Catalog and address the numerous unanswered questions and uncertainties related to current scientific assumptions and modeling parameters
Technical Themes
  • Effectiveness of hydraulic fracturing definition and determination
  • Geomechanics associated with hydraulic fracturing
  • Diagnostics of hydraulic fracturing geometry delineation
  • Log analysis for hydraulic fracturing design
  • Elements of hydraulic fracturing techniques; fluids, proppant, etc.
  • Successful completions strategies for hydraulic fracturing

    View Abstracts

    • Daniel Moos, Baker Hughes
    • Jean-Yves Chatellier, Consultant
    • Joel Le Calvez, Schlumberger
    • Chris Clarkson, University of Calgary
    • Peter Duncan, MicroSeismic Inc.
    • Fred Aminzadeh, University of Southern California
    • Julia Gale, Bureau of Economic Geology
    • Wadood El-Rabaa, ExxonMobil


    Monday, 8 December

    Session I – Hydraulic Fracturing Characterization Part 1


    Considering the Vertical Variation in Rock Mechanical Properties of a Lithologic Zone Using Laboratory Derived Data - Is it Time for Geomechanical Stratigraphy?

    D.E. Wyatt, J. Hampton, D. Hu, C. Chen, V. Martysevich (Halliburton)

    Geomechanical Controls on Matrix/Fracture Permeability of Tight Oil and Liquid-Rich Gas Reservoirs: Implications for Hydraulic Fracturing

    A. Ghanizadeh, S. Aquino, C.R. Clarkson (University of Calgary), O. Haeri-Ardakani, H. Sanei (Geological Survey of Canada)

    Mechanical Properties of Organic Matter in Shales Mapped at the Nanometer Scale

    S. Emmanuel, M. Eliyahu (The Hebrew Univ. of Jerusalem), R.J. Day-Stirrat, C.I. Macaulay (Shell)

    Novel Spatial Data Approach to Imrpove Production and Reduce Risks of Impacts Associated with Unconventional Resource Development – Using Geospatial & Geostatistical Analyses to Improve Science-Based Decision Making

    K. Rose, J. Bauer, D. Glosser (US DOE/NETL)

    Bringing Seismic Ideas to Acoustic Logging

    P. Biswas, S. B. Ley (GeoBiz Technology, Inc.)

    Session II – Hydraulic Fracturing Characterization Part 2

    Fracture Modes in the Silurian Qusaiba Shale Play, Northwest Saudi Arabia and Their Geomechanical Implications

    M.S. Ameen (Saudi Aramco)

    Fracture Potential of Challenging Rocks: From Initiation to Productive Stimulated Rock Volume

    U. Mutlu, J. Huang, R. Safari, M.P. Shahri (Weatherford)

    Processing Well Log Data Using Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD) and Diffusion Equation

    S.D. Kim, S.J. Kwon, K.M. Jeon (Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering)

    Bedding-parallel Natural Fractures: Their Occurrence in Shale Plays and Possible Effects on Hydraulic Fracture Treatments

    J.F.W. Gale (BEG, Univ. of Texas)

    Multidisciplinary and Integrated Approach to Better Assess Open Fracture Systems and Their Impact on Hydraulic Fracturing

    J-Y. Chatellier (Nexen), T. Chow, J. Wong (Talisman Energy)

    Tuesday, 9 December

    Session III – Hydraulic Fracturing Field and Case Studies

    3-D View of Frac and Reservoir Pressures in Shale Leading to New Approach and More Reliable Predictions

    J-Y. Chatellier, C. Petr, H. Vinall, D. Scarpino (Nexen), I. Anderson (Talisman Energy)

    Marcellus Field Study: Application of Viscoelastic Surfactant Stimulation System for Shale

    C. Pechiney, J. Akin, K. Wutherich, M. Yates, C. Boyer, D. Delozier (Schlumberger)

    Mechanical Characterization in Unconventional Reservoirs:  A Facies Based Methodology

    Dave Amendt (ConocoPhillips)

    Modeling Study of Variation of Hydraulic Fracture Initiation and Location on Production Results Before and After Re-Fracturing

    F. Vera, R. LaFollette (Baker Hughes)

    “Hot Off the Press” Field and case studies from audience

    Session IV – Hydraulic Fracturing Modeling

    The Importance of 3-D in Stimulation Modeling of Unconventional Reservoirs

    D. Moos (Baker Hughes)

    Integrating Fracture Diagnostics for Complex Hydraulic Fracture Development Model

    K. Wu, J. Olson (Univ. of Texas)

    An Extended Finite Element Method Based Modeling of Hydraulic Fracturing

    A. Khodabakhshnejad, F. Aminzadeh (Univ. of Southern California)

    In-situ Estimation of Unpropped Fracture Conductivity in Shale and Assessing its Role During Stimulation and Production

    M. McClure, S. Tandon, M. Yang (Univ. of Texas), S. Senthilnathan (Yale Univ.)

    A Geomechanical Approach for Microseismic Fracture Mapping

    S.M. Hosseini, F. Aminzadeh (Univ. of Southern California)

    Wednesday, 10 December

    Session V – Hydraulic Fracturing – an Operations View Point

    Horizontal Well Fracturing: Technology Challenges

    A. Daneshy (Daneshy Consultants Int’l.); presented by H. Brannon* (Baker Hughes)

    Shale Formation Re-Fracturing: What is Needed?

    I.S. Abou-Sayed, A. Abdelgawad (i-Stimulation Solutions)

    Combining Mapped Microseismic Activity and Fracture Modeling to Estimate the Propped Dimensions of Hydraulic Fractures

    R. Downie, J. Le Calvez, M. Williams (Schlumberger)

    Forecasting Productivity of a Hydraulically Fractured Well Using a Detailed Mapping of its Proppant Conductivity Distribution

    W. El-Rabaa, N. Siddiqui (Blade Energy Partners)

    The Utility of Production Logging in High Angle Hydraulically Fractured Wells

    D. Fitz, W. El-Rabaa (ExxonMobil)

    Session VI – Microseismic Part 1

    Bridging the Gap Between Microseismic and Hydraulic Fracturing Using the Horizontal Slip Mechanism

    Y. Tan, T. Engelder (Penn State Univ.), N. Smith (Hess Corp.), J. Han (Baker Hughes)

    Mapping Fracture Flow and Reservoir Stress Compartments with Passive Seismic Imaging

    A. Lacazette, C. Sicking, J. Vermilye, R. Tibi (Global Geophysical Services

    Integrating Acoustic Emission Cloud Characteristics with Individual Event Source Parameters: What Can We Learn from Observed AE Throughout a Hydraulic Fracturing Process?

    J. Hampton, L. Matzar (Halliburton

    Engineering Applications of Microseismic Data

    C.W. Neuhaus (MicroSeismic)

     “Hot Off the Press” presentations from audience, followed by short discussions

    Thursday, 11 December

    Session VII – Microseismic Part 2

    What Can Microseismic Tell Us About Hydraulic Fracturing?

    S. Maxwell (IMaGE)

    Using Microseismic Observations in Unconventional Plays to Influence Well Spacing and Stage Spacing Decisions

    T. Dohmen, J.P. Blangy, J.J. Zhang (Hess Corporation)

    The Signature of Shearing Driven by Hydraulic Opening

    J. Rutledge, X. Yu, S. Leaney (Schlumberger)

    Seismic-Based Production Forecasting for Shale Plays

    A. Guest (Magnitude), S. Voisey (Apache), G. Castillo (CGG)

    Group Discussion: What to do next?

    Moderators:  Dan Moos and Shawn Maxwell

    Summary Wrap-up

    Conference Conveners

    Lakeway Resort and Spa
    101 Lakeway Dr
    Lakeway Texas 78734
    United States
    (512) 261-6600
    Lakeway, TX - Lakeway Resort and Spa Lakeway, TX - Lakeway Resort and Spa 10267 Lakeway Resort and Spa



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