Explorer Geophysical Corner

These days acoustic and elastic impedance are commonly derived from 3-D seismic data, which help us compute porosity and reservoir fluid estimates. Somewhat less commonly, vertical fracture density and fracture orientation in the reservoir rocks are derived from seismic data, enhancing our ability for optimum placement of horizontal wells and optimal recovery. To achieve the latter objective, good quality seismic data are required, which might be acquired not only with such objectives in mind, but also to yield data with good signal-to-noise ratio.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Emphasis Article

Collaboration. Scott Singleton, geophysical technology adviser at Independence Resources Management in Houston, wants to underscore that one word. He believes that if there’s a single ingredient to success in unconventional fields – and the one concept from which those in unconventionals have unfortunately moved away – it’s that geologists, geophysicists and engineers have to work together for the benefit of everyone.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Emphasis Article

A seismic acquisition project that would have taken years not too long ago can now be accomplished in months, thanks to “selective hearing” and other recent advances.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Emphasis Article

Talk to geophysicists about innovation and common themes emerge: Increased computing power. Artificial intelligence for data analytics. Full waveform inversion. Enhanced acoustic sensing, with multiple sensors. And much, much more. Innovations also can be seen in established geophysical tools. And some geophysical technologies and techniques that have been developing for five years or more are finally reaching day-to-day application in the field.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Emphasis Article

Over the last several years, the industry’s downturn has spurred the development of more efficient ways to interpret both new and old seismic data, allowing operators to continue to explore and discover with reduced staff. The availability of cloud technology, super-computing resources and the application of machine learning techniques, such as use of neural networks in artificial intelligence, are transforming the ability to interpret seismic data and create evergreen Earth models – supporting the undeniable adage that necessity, indeed, is the mother of invention.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Middle East Blog

The AAPG Easten Mediterranean Mega-Basin: New Data, New Ideas and New Opportunities GTW took place on 6 – 7 September 2019 at the Radisson Blu Hotel, Alexandria, Egypt. We received 77 attendees from 36 different companies and 13 different countries.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Geophysical Corner

Estimating density from seismic data is a desirable goal to obtain the spatial sampling of the attribute in between the well locations. Various have been introduced that integrate seismic, well and geological data. Although these methods have been around for quite some time, some seismic interpreters remain skeptical about the accuracy of such density estimations.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Emphasis Article

'With proven onshore potential, Barbados is set to announce a new offshore licensing round. When in it comes to offshore exploration in the Americas, the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, Brazil and Guyana tend to steal the spotlight. Recent studies in the Caribbean, however, show companies that they may need to look closer at countries with a smaller footprint. One such place is Barbados.'

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Geophysical Corner

Seismic data are usually contaminated with two common types of noise, namely random and coherence. Such noise, if not tackled appropriately, prevents their accurate imaging. Small-scale geologic features such as thin channels, or subtle faults, etc. might not be seen clearly in the presence of noise. Similarly, seismic attributes generated on noise-contaminated data are seen as compromised on their quality, and hence their interpretation. Noise reduction techniques have been developed for poststack and prestack seismic data and are implemented wherever appropriate for enhancing the signal-to-noise ratio and achieving the goals set for reservoir characterization exercises.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Historical Highlights

From high-altitude, windswept prairies in southwestern Wyoming, the span of the powerful Wind River and Wyoming Ranges can be seen in the distance. This is home to the Pinedale Anticline Project and the Jonah Field, located in Sublette County, Wyo. In 2000, this was the site of one of the most productive gas fields in the continental United States. Gas reserves were estimated at up to 40 trillion cubic feet. That was enough to serve the nation’s entire natural gas demand for 22 months.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
VG Abstract

In comparison with the known boundary conditions that promote salt deformation and flow in sedimentary basins, the processes involved with the mobilization of clay-rich detrital sediments are far less well established. This talk will use seismic examples in different tectonic settings to document the variety of shale geometries that can be formed under brittle and ductile deformations.

Request a visit from Juan I. Soto!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
DL Abstract

Around 170 million years ago, the Gulf of Mexico basin flooded catastrophically, and the pre-existing landscape, which had been a very rugged, arid, semi-desert world, was drowned beneath an inland sea of salt water. The drowned landscape was then buried under kilometers of salt, perfectly preserving the older topography. Now, with high-quality 3D seismic data, the salt appears as a transparent layer, and the details of the drowned world can be seen in exquisite detail, providing a unique snapshot of the world on the eve of the flooding event. We can map out hills and valleys, and a system of river gullies and a large, meandering river system. These rivers in turn fed into a deep central lake, whose surface was about 750m below global sea level. This new knowledge also reveals how the Louann Salt was deposited. In contrast to published models, the salt was deposited in a deep water, hypersaline sea. We can estimate the rate of deposition, and it was very fast; we believe that the entire thickness of several kilometers of salt was laid down in a few tens of thousands of years, making it possibly the fastest sustained deposition seen so far in the geological record.

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Request a visit from Frank Peel!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
DL Abstract

Three-dimensional (3D) seismic-reflection surveys provide one of the most important data types for understanding subsurface depositional systems. Quantitative analysis is commonly restricted to geophysical interpretation of elastic properties of rocks in the subsurface. Wide availability of 3D seismic-reflection data and integration provide opportunities for quantitative analysis of subsurface stratigraphic sequences. Here, we integrate traditional seismic-stratigraphic interpretation with quantitative geomorphologic analysis and numerical modeling to explore new insights into submarine-channel evolution.

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Request a visit from Jacob Covault!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)

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