Explorer Director’s Corner

Science is the heartbeat of AAPG. It is the key for innovation in our industry, and AAPG is dedicated to finding new scientific developments and related new technologies.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Article

On the road again: February is going to be a busy month for AAPG’s Distinguished Lecture program. 

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Article

Encore presentation: Last year was the biggest and most successful year ever for AAPG's international Distinguished Lecture program – and organizers are hoping this year brings more of the same.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Article

The Never Ending Story: Three AAPG members add a new chapter to the history of Canada’s much-studied, much-revered Burgess Shale.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Regions and Sections

Although historically focused on its birthplace in North America, AAPG is growing rapidly in several international locations, including one that is in the heart of the oil industry – the Middle East.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Emphasis Article

Kinetics and hieroglyphics and pyrolysis! Oh my! Following the traditional method of determining kerogen kinetics is slow and expensive and yields little kinetic data. The new method of one-run kinetics proves to save both time and money while acquiring more data.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Emphasis Article

Hot, hot, hot: The Niobrara play joins the list of hot shales – even being dubbed the “NeoBakken.” An industry-sponsored consortium evaluates the complexities of this giant play to help further its economic success.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Emphasis Article

The circum-Arctic region has ample energy potential, but innovative technology is essential for future exploration. One research geologist explains the need for combining tried and true geology basics with new, creative methods to get the best results.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Article

Old habits die hard – Not! The prolific California Monterey shale is revisited, but this time with an unconventional approach.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Article

The onshore shale petroleum systems of eastern North America will be in the spotlight during the AAPG Eastern Section’s annual meeting, set Sept. 25-29 in Kalamazoo, Mich.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Manama, Bahrain
Monday, 10 January Wednesday, 12 January 2022, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

The workshop aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the source rocks in the Middle East. The technical program is developed in a way that coves the depositional environments and transport processes, basin modeling and detailed rock characterisation including geochemisty, geomechanics and petrophysics.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Virtual Workshop
Monday, 18 October Wednesday, 20 October 2021, 10:30 a.m.–6:00 p.m.

Join us virtually in this event that was due to be hosted in Salzburg, the “castle of salt” and cradle of Mozart and Doppler. We aim to host an interactive meeting aimed at bringing together different perspectives in the science of evaporite basins: from their formation to their deformation, from description and characterization to modelling. Exploratory success in evaporite-rich basins worldwide has depended on the role of evaporites as a deformable substrate, as a seal, or even as a good thermal conductor. The aim of this workshop is to improve our understanding and predictive ability by addressing evaporite systems in an integrated manner, all the way from precipitation to structuration, and exploring the multiple properties of evaporite sequences. This will be done via technical sessions, keynote speaker presentations, panel sessions and more!

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Field Seminar
Ipoh, Malaysia
Friday, 26 November 2021, 8:00 a.m.–9:00 a.m.

Seri Iskander, Perak, Malaysia Optional Trip Date: 26 November, 2021 Time: To be determined View Information On CO₂ Laboratory Further details to come.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Virtual Workshop
Tuesday, 23 November Thursday, 25 November 2021, 2:00 p.m.–5:45 p.m.

High CO2 fields and marginal fields (due to high levels of contaminants) are some of the challenges that are prevalent in the Asia Pacific petroleum industry. Join AAPG Asia Pacific for a 2-day workshop focused on best practices, risk-based planning and the role geoscientists and engineers will play in these changing times.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
VG Abstract

Production from unconventional petroleum reservoirs includes petroleum from shale, coal, tight-sand and oil-sand. These reservoirs contain enormous quantities of oil and natural gas but pose a technology challenge to both geoscientists and engineers to produce economically on a commercial scale. These reservoirs store large volumes and are widely distributed at different stratigraphic levels and basin types, offering long-term potential for energy supply. Most of these reservoirs are low permeability and porosity that need enhancement with hydraulic fracture stimulation to maximize fluid drainage. Production from these reservoirs is increasing with continued advancement in geological characterization techniques and technology for well drilling, logging, and completion with drainage enhancement. Currently, Australia, Argentina, Canada, Egypt, USA, and Venezuela are producing natural gas from low permeability reservoirs: tight-sand, shale, and coal (CBM). Canada, Russia, USA, and Venezuela are producing heavy oil from oilsand. USA is leading the development of techniques for exploring, and technology for exploiting unconventional gas resources, which can help to develop potential gas-bearing shales of Thailand. The main focus is on source-reservoir-seal shale petroleum plays. In these tight rocks petroleum resides in the micro-pores as well as adsorbed on and in the organics. Shale has very low matrix permeability (nano-darcies) and has highly layered formations with differences in vertical and horizontal properties, vertically non-homogeneous and horizontally anisotropic with complicate natural fractures. Understanding the rocks is critical in selecting fluid drainage enhancement mechanisms; rock properties such as where shale is clay or silica rich, clay types and maturation , kerogen type and maturation, permeability, porosity, and saturation. Most of these plays require horizontal development with large numbers of wells that require an understanding of formation structure, setting and reservoir character and its lateral extension. The quality of shale-gas resources depend on thickness of net pay (>100 m), adequate porosity (>2%), high reservoir pressure (ideally overpressure), high thermal maturity (>1.5% Ro), high organic richness (>2% TOC), low in clay (<50%), high in brittle minerals (quartz, carbonates, feldspars), and favourable in-situ stress. During the past decade, unconventional shale and tight-sand gas plays have become an important supply of natural gas in the US, and now in shale oil as well. As a consequence, interest to assess and explore these plays is rapidly spreading worldwide. The high production potential of shale petroleum resources has contributed to a comparably favourable outlook for increased future petroleum supplies globally. Application of 2D and 3D seismic for defining reservoirs and micro seismic for monitoring fracturing, measuring rock properties downhole (borehole imaging) and in laboratory (mineralogy, porosity, permeability), horizontal drilling (downhole GPS), and hydraulic fracture stimulation (cross-linked gel, slick-water, nitrogen or nitrogen foam) is key in improving production from these huge resources with low productivity factors.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)

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