Explorer Division Column EMD

AAPG’S Energy Minerals Division (EMD) will respond to heightened awareness of global energy issues by offering an extensive and diverse selection of sessions, short courses, field trips and forums at the upcoming 2009 AAPG Annual Convention and Exhibition, set for June 7-10 in Denver.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Search and Discovery Article

Although only 17% of the entire lunar surface is covered by basalt and underlying associated magma cooling units, ~60% of the western hemisphere on the lunar nearside contains magmatic complexes emplaced in numerous episodes ranging from approximately 3.75 Ga (billion years ago) to possibly as recently as 0.9 Ga, inferred from crater counts and overlapping relationships between lava- flow units and bright rays associated with Copernican-age craters. Oceanus Procellarum contains the largest continuous extent of lunar basalts on the Moon, and its upper fill is a complex of at least four different flow units, recognized on the basis of albedo and spectral reflectivity. Individually, these flow units are only a few hundreds of meters th ick, but may be underlain by 2-4 km thick basi n-filling units. Oceanus Procellarum has been interpreted by some authors as the western part of the 2400-km-wide Gargantuan Basin, inferred to have formed from a giant impact ~4.3 Ga. Gargantuan Basin lacks a surrounding mountain rim and underlying mascon, features commonly associated with other nearside lunar basins such as Mare Tranquillitatis, Serenitatis, and Crisium. However, the absence of these features may be due to the Gargantuan Basin having formed so early that the lunar crust may have not been sufficiently rigid to support rim material and excess masses of thick basin-filling units. Presented by William A. Ambrose, Bureau of Economic Geology John A. and Katherine G. Jackson School of Geoscience, at the 2008 AAPG International Convention Cape Town, South Africa October 27, 2008.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Spotlight On…

AAPG member Harrison H. “Jack” Schmitt, geologist, author, politician, scientist-astronaut extraordinaire and the last man to walk on the moon, has added another award to his lengthy résumé.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Article

El-Baz believes that the provision of water to all who need it, in addition to resources that can be used for economic (agriculture and agro-industries) purposes, can ease the pressures that are contributing to a brutally violent war there and provide stability to the entire country.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Regions and Sections

This month’s column discusses next year’s AAPG International Conference and Exhibition in Cape Town, South Africa.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Article

Eleven speakers have been announced for this year’s Distinguished Lecture program, including one speaker who will be making a record-setting fourth turn as a DL speaker. The program, funded in part by the AAPG Foundation, will offer seven domestic and four international speakers this season.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Article

It’s a new school year for universities, with a new kind of student. Geoscience professors have seen the desktop-computer generation, the super-processor generation and the laptop generation. Now they’re welcoming the cell-phone/iPod/Xbox/Blackberry/digital-revolution generation.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Article

An important deadline is looming for those who want to submit an abstract for the next AAPG Annual Convention. Abstracts can be submitted through Sept. 27 for the AAPG Annual Convention, to be held April 1-4 in Long Beach, Calif.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Article

The abstract submitting process has begun for the next AAPG Annual Convention, which will be held April 1-4 in Long Beach, Calif. The theme is “Understanding Earth Systems -- Pursuing the Checkered Flag.”

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Explorer Emphasis Article

A strong technical program and good times in the oil patch are combining to give this year's AAPG Annual Convention a 'must attend' status. The convention, built around the theme 'Perfecting the Search -- Delivering on Promises,' will be held April 9-12 at the George R. Brown Convention Center in Houston.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Virtual Short Course
Monday, 11 October Friday, 22 October 2021, 12:00 p.m.–2:00 p.m.

This course is informed by over 20 years working in oil and gas exploration and production with many companies and clients and by a further 15 years teaching structural and petroleum geology at Universities in Australia.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Virtual Short Course
Thursday, 23 September Sunday, 26 September 2021, 9:00 a.m.–1:00 p.m.

This short course discusses the growing importance of the seismic anisotropy of rock masses in seismic acquisition, processing, and interpretation.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Virtual Short Course
Saturday, 25 September Sunday, 26 September 2021, 10:00 p.m.–2:00 a.m.

Learn the high-level principles of five important topics in machine learning: neural networks; convolutional neural networks; support vector machines; principal component analysis; clustering methods. This short course is for physical scientists who have heard about Machine Learning (ML) and might know some details, but lack enough knowledge to assess ML applications in their specialty.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Virtual Short Course
Thursday, 30 September 2021, 8:00 a.m.–3:00 p.m.

Introduction to Machine Learning (ML) – providing definitions, fundamental concepts of inference and prediction and the opportunity and limitations of ML

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Virtual Short Course
Thursday, 30 September – Friday, 1 October 2021, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Natural fractures may be conductive in conventional reservoirs or may become conductive after hydraulic stimulation in unconventional reservoirs. This course addresses these concepts by examining datasets from both conventional and unconventional systems and presenting workflows to construct naturally-fractured reservoir models.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Virtual Short Course
Friday, 1 October 2021, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Energy Storage and CCSU are emerging fields that are already new business opportunity for petroleum professionals. This workshop reviews the basics of different Energy Storage Technologies, CCSU, and injection induced seismicity.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Denver, Colorado
Saturday, 25 September Sunday, 26 September 2021, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

This is a hands-on class anchored with a 65-piece teaching collection of natural and induced fractures in core that students will work with during class exercises. The class provides insights into fracture mechanics and the origins of fractures, and uses those concepts in a very applied sense to instill an understanding of natural fractures and their potential effects on permeability and fluid flow.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Denver, Colorado
Saturday, 25 September Sunday, 26 September 2021, 8:30 a.m.–3:00 p.m.

This AAPGWN geochemistry short course is open to anyone interested in gaining an introduction to rock, oil, gas, and water geochemistry. The goal is to provide participants with a basic knowledge of geochemistry and its key applications in the exploration, appraisal, and development of oil fields.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Denver, Colorado
Saturday, 25 September Sunday, 26 September 2021, 8:30 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Refresh concepts and terminology of sequence stratigraphy and explore more advanced concepts of Sequence Stratigraphy and its impact on Exploration and Production

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Virtual Workshop
Tuesday, 23 November Friday, 26 November 2021, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Politicians around the world are realising that CCS is a critical component in achieving Net Zero. They know in principle what needs to be done but lack insight into which of their many assets is a natural choice for CCS and how to convince stakeholders to commit to financial investment. If it was a horse race, they need to choose the best runners and know how to jump the hurdles to get to the finishing line. In this second AAPG CCS workshop, we'll look deeper into the technologies available and the techniques to make them affordable. The 'Runners' and how to 'get them to the finish line.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Virtual Short Course
Tuesday, 7 September Friday, 10 September 2021, 8:00 a.m.–12:00 p.m.

This course examines the evolution of concepts in deep water models, providing the participants with the knowledge and tools to describe and predict deep water reservoirs from exploration through production scales.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Naples, Italy
Wednesday, 22 June Thursday, 23 June 2022, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Modelling carbonate sequences and reservoirs has always been a challenging task. Carbonate rocks are generated and subsequently modified by a large variety of biological, physical and chemical processes that start at the time of deposition and end today. To unravel the geological evolution and history of carbonate sequences is fundamental not only for understanding their hydrocarbons potential but also for their role as potential reservoirs for renewable energy (geothermal) or geological gas storage (CO2 and hydrogen). Several science disciplines are often involved to fully understand the characteristics of carbonate rocks and old approaches and new technologies and tools are nowadays applied in these types of sequences. The objective of this meeting is to allow scientists and engineers working on carbonate rocks in academia and industry to share their most recent experience, work, approaches and use of innovative technologies to increase the understanding of the very complex world of carbonates.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Virtual Short Course
Thursday, 29 July Friday, 30 July 2021, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Virtual Short Course
Thursday, 29 July Friday, 30 July 2021, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Gas-based EOR in tight unconventionals is a growing application to tap the vast unproduced oil and condensate resources in liquid-rich shale basins. The course will discuss the Huff-n-Puff gas EOR process specifically, but will also address relevant fundamentals of displacement-based gas EOR methods (miscibility, vaporization, and displacement) in tight unconventionals.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Houston, Texas
Thursday, 29 July Friday, 30 July 2021, 8:00 a.m.–1:00 p.m.

This class provides insights into fracture mechanics and the origins of fractures, and uses those concepts in a very applied sense to instill an understanding of natural fractures and their potential effects on permeability and fluid flow. This has direct applications to the petroleum, geothermal, CO₂ sequestration and environmental industries.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Houston, Texas
Tuesday, 3 August Friday, 6 August 2021, 8:00 a.m.–12:00 p.m.

This 16 hour course follows the life cycle of an oil or gas property, from concept to abandonment, from the engineer’s point of view. Case histories are used to illustrate the geophysical tools that the engineering group would apply to solve an oil field development problem at various points in the property’s lifetime.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Muscat, Oman
Monday, 7 February Wednesday, 9 February 2022, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Save the date! Join us for the Exploration in Mature Basins GTW to be held from 7-9 February 2022 in Muscat, Oman. More information to follow soon.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Short Course
Virtual Short Course
Monday, 13 September 2021, 8:00 a.m.–4:00 p.m.

This course provides a 40-year paleogeographic synthesis of the Caribbean, northern South America (Colombia to Suriname), southern Mexico, Central America, and the Antilles, highlighting principles, opportunities and risks used to construct a regional hydrocarbon exploration framework.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Virtual Workshop
Tuesday, 14 September Wednesday, 15 September 2021, 7:00 a.m.–4:00 p.m.

The Caribbean Technical Symposium and E&P Summit: Recent Activity and Exploration Opportunities includes a technical symposium featuring regional geology and hydrocarbon potential on September 14 and an E&P Summit featuring panel discussions with industry executives on September 15.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Virtual Workshop
Tuesday, 5 October Wednesday, 6 October 2021, 9:00 a.m.–4:00 p.m.

Stratigraphy remains an essential part of geoscience practices. It provides our conceptual framework for visualizing how layers are arranged and connected in the subsurface. The workshop aims to share, discuss and explore many of the new ideas regarding the stratigraphy of the hydrocarbon-bearing basins throughout Sundaland.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Field Seminar
Barcelona, Spain
Thursday, 9 September Friday, 10 September 2021, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Trip leader(s): Josep Anton Muñoz, Pablo Granado and Eduard Roca Limit: 20 Participants The aim of this 2-day field trip is the recognition of the key structural features of a fold and thrust belt detached on salt that has resulted from the inversion of a previous passive margin. To achieve this objective, some of the key and most spectacular localities of the southern Pyrenees have been selected along the ECORS-Pyrenees transect. This is a reference cross-section provided that for many years a huge amount of geological and geophysical data sets has been collected and integrating into a kinematic model of the South-Pyrenean fold and thrust belt. Subsurface data (well logs and seismic sections) will be combined with field observations. One of the main characteristics of the southern Pyrenees is the preservation of the synorogenic sediments since the earlier stages of deformation, which not only provide time constraints but also allow us discussion of kinematics of fault-related folds and thrust systems. Finally, the mild contractional deformation permits deciphering the initial geometry of the rift system and the salt structures that configure the structural grain of the passive margin before the inversion, allowing discussion of the role that these structures play during the fold and thrust belt development. Itinerary: (day by day details of the trip) Day 1 Stop 1.1: The South-Pyrenean thrust front. Sant Llorenç de Montgai Structure of a frontal thrust system and related unconformities. Out of sequence thrusts and synorogenic sediments. The frontal thrust system of the South-central Pyrenees has been detached into the Triassic evaporites and involves a thin Mesozoic succession. It is characterized by an emergent thrust system during the sedimentation of upper Eocene and lower Oligocene continental sediments. Frontal thrusts were progressively buried by conglomerates, triggering a break-back thrusting sequence and the development of out-of-sequence thrusts bringing together strongly different Mesozoic successions, such as the Montroig thrust in the picture. Stop 1.2: The Ager basin and the Montsec thrust sheet. Fontllonga The Ager basin in the footwall of the Montsec thrust. The Montsec thrust sheet developed from the Paleocene to the Early Eocene as recorded by continental to shallow marine sediments deposited in its footwall (Ager basin) as well as in the Tremp-Graus piggy-back basin. The lower Eocene sediments of these basins grade westward into the slope succession filling the Ainsa basin at the footwall of the Montsec thrust. Stop 1.3: The frontal structure of the Montsec thrust sheet. Ametlla (optional: Montrebei) Fault-propagation fold related with the inversion of Early Cretaceous extensional faults and growth deltaic sediments in the footwall syncline. The Montsec thrust sheet involves the northern part of the Upper Cretaceous foreland basin characterised by a strong subsident turbiditic trough at the footwall of the Bóixols thrust. These turbidites grade southward into a carbonatic platform that constitutes the backbone of the Montsec Range (main ridge and cliff of the pictures). Underneath the Upper Cretaceous carbonates, some Early Cretaceous extensional faults are preserved in the hanging wall of the Montsec thrust, but others have controlled the development of a hanging wall frontal anticline. The geometry of this anticline as well as the structure of the growth sediments in the footwall Ager syncline are visible in the field. The subthrust geometry will be discussed integrating surface observations and the available seismic and well data. Overnight in Tremp Day 2 Stop 2.1: The Sant Corneli-Bóixols anticline Inversion of the rift margin The Sant Corneli-Bóixols anticline is the most prominent frontal structure of the Bóixols thrust sheet in the central Pyrenees. This fold trends east–west and crops out for greater than 40 km along strike. The Sant Corneli-Bóixols anticline involves a thick Mesozoic succession detached on top of Triassic evaporites. The prefolding sequence consists of up to 5 km of prerift, synrift, and postrift carbonates ranging in age from Jurassic to Upper Cretaceous. Synfolding Upper Cretaceous sediments start with the upper Santonian carbonates and continue with a succession of Campanian and Maastrichtian marls and turbidites. The Sant Corneli–Bóixols anticline is an example of an inversion fold developed along the rift margin of the Lower Cretaceous basin. Its geometry is related with the inverted extensional system. In particular, the three-dimensional geometry, including the saddles between culminations, is inherited from the previous transfer faults of the segmented rift margin. Available seismic data and 3 exploratory wells constrain the geometry at depth. Stop 2.2: The synororgenic Paleogene conglomerates Inverted Lower Cretaceous basin and Eocene-Oligocene synorogenic conglomerates at Collegats gorge. Stop 2.3 (optional): The Sopeira and Aulet minibasins. Sopeira Minibasins developed by extensional collapse and salt evacuation during the thermal subsidence at the southern Pyrenean rift margin. Inversion of these mini-basins at the early stages of Pyrenean contractional deformation during Late Cretaceous. Additional logistic information Transportation Transportation will be with a small bus, assisted by minivans to have access to some of the outcrops. Physical demand, equipment and safety This is an easy field trip with very easy and limited hikes to get to the outcrops. Outcrops will be from main sealed roads. Safety vests will be available, to be used by everybody of the group wherever required and asked to. There will be First Aid Kits available in each car during fieldwork. Climate The climate during mid-end November in the fieldwork area can be cold and rainy, although dry and sunny days may occur as well. The temperature for November in Tremp can range between 30C and 170C. Participants should be prepared in case we should encounter bad weather and you should bring warm and waterproof clothes and suitable hiking boots. -->

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Lisbon, Portugal
Wednesday, 18 May Thursday, 19 May 2022, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

This 2-day conference brings together diverse experts working on modern and ancient turbidite, MTDs, contourite and hybrid/mixed systems in order to improve the present-day knowledge, models and predictive power.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Barcelona, Spain
Tuesday, 7 September Wednesday, 8 September 2021, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

This workshop brings together experts from academia and industry from a range of disciplines to share experiences, new approaches, new data and new ways of integrating information that can help in reducing the uncertainties related to the exploration activities in Thrust Belt Systems.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Salzburg, Austria
Tuesday, 19 October Wednesday, 20 October 2021, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Join us in Salzburg, the “castle of salt” and cradle of Mozart and Doppler, for a meeting aimed at bringing together different perspectives in the science of evaporite basins: from their formation to their deformation, from description and characterization to modelling. Exploratory success in evaporite-rich basins worldwide has depended on the role of evaporites as a deformable substrate, as a seal, or even as a good thermal conductor. The aim of this workshop is to improve our understanding and predictive ability by addressing evaporite systems in an integrated manner, all the way from precipitation to structuration, and exploring the multiple properties of evaporite sequences. The pre- and post-meeting field trips will also explore the salt mining heritage of the region, first exploited by the Celts 3500 years ago, and the salt-related structures of the Northern Calcareous Alps.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Field Seminar
Ipoh, Malaysia
Thursday, 25 November 2021, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Date: 25 November, 2021 Time: To be determined View Information On CO2 Laboratory Further details to come.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Workshop
Virtual Workshop
Tuesday, 23 November Thursday, 25 November 2021, 2:00 p.m.–5:45 p.m.

High CO2 fields and marginal fields (due to high levels of contaminants) are some of the challenges that are prevalent in the Asia Pacific petroleum industry. Join AAPG Asia Pacific for a 2-day workshop focused on best practices, risk-based planning and the role geoscientists and engineers will play in these changing times.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Field Seminar
Ipoh, Malaysia
Thursday, 25 November 2021, 8:00 a.m.–5:00 p.m.

Date: 25 November 2021 Time: To be determined Organized by: Southeast Asia Carbonate Research Laboratory, SEACARL, The Department of Geosciences, Faculty Fundamental Sciences, Information system Technology, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. While AAPG and EAGE welcome this Field Trip in conjunction with our 2-day Geosciences Technology Workshop, all management and attending responsibilities will be taken care of by Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. Further details to come.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Webinar
Virtual Webinar
Thursday, 30 July 2020, 8:00 a.m.–10:00 a.m.

Hear panelists’ views on how COVID-19 has affected the legal, financial and technological sectors of the energy industry and what they expect for the future. Topics include energy markets, public policy, infrastructure, transportation, corporate culture, digitalization and the energy transition. Send questions and comments for speakers, then make your voice heard in virtual roundtables opening 10 minutes after the panel discussion. Forum registration is free of charge thanks to support from our sponsors. Forum Registration

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Webinar
Virtual Webinar
Thursday, 25 June 2020, 8:00 a.m.–9:00 a.m.

Panelists will discuss current unconventional resource activities in North America, including key plays that remain competitive and potential for future growth. They also will address the key challenges for unconventional resources to stay competitive in the global market: maintaining cashflow, reducing expenditures, improving capital and production efficiencies and managing resources. Virtual Forum to be presented via Zoom.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Webinar
Virtual Webinar
Wednesday, 27 May 2020, 7:00 p.m.–8:30 p.m.

Join us for 'New Approaches for Start-Up Success' where we will discuss selecting companies to invest in now, the game changers program now, profile of a successful drone and robotics start-up and how we adapted our pitch for the pandemic. Webinar will be presented via Zoom 7pm - 8:30pm CDT, 27 May 2020.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Online e-Symposium
Thursday, 22 May 2014, 12:00 a.m.–12:00 a.m.

The surprising emergence of several new exploration plays and new ideas on the basin history demonstrates that we have much more to learn and harvest from this natural laboratory of sedimentary processes.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Online e-Symposium
Thursday, 29 April 2010, 12:00 a.m.–12:00 a.m.

This presentation will focus on the seismic stratigraphic and seismic geomorphologic expression of deep-water deposits, including both reservoir and non-reservoir facies.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Webinar
Virtual Webinar
Thursday, 24 September 2020, 8:30 p.m.–9:30 p.m.

In the past 3 decades the sequence stratigraphy jargon has proliferated, resulting in multiple definitions of the same surface or new surfaces and units based on drawings of deposition in response to relative changes in sea level. The close association between base-level changes, the formation of surfaces, and specific stratal stacking that define systems tracts are at the heart of the confusion. This webinar is proposed a back-to-basics approach, emphasizing key observations that can be made from any geologic data: lithofacies, lithofacies association, vertical stacking, stratal geometries, and stratal terminations.

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American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Webinar
Virtual Webinar
Wednesday, 12 May 2021, 7:00 p.m.–8:30 p.m.

Join us for 'Pivoting 2021: Opportunities with Earth Imaging Technologies'. Panelists discuss the newest developments and directions in drones, satellite imagery, and other ways to acquire and process images of the Earth's surface. Webinar will be presented via Zoom 7pm - 8:30pm CDT, 12 May 2021.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Online e-Symposium
Thursday, 24 October 2013, 12:00 a.m.–12:00 a.m.

This e-symposium will be introducing signal processing techniques as a means to maximize extracting geomechanical data from petrophysical logs.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Online e-Symposium
Thursday, 12 July 2012, 12:00 a.m.–12:00 a.m.

This presentation will look at well placement vertically in the pay, well azimuth and well trajectory with explanations of how geology and post-depositional effects can make the difference between a successful well and a failure.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Online e-Symposium
Thursday, 29 September 2011, 12:00 a.m.–12:00 a.m.

This study will focus in the combination of λρ – μρ inversion with clustering analysis techniques in order to discriminate brittle zones in the Barnett Shale.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
Instructional Assistant Professor, Department of Geology and Geophysics, Texas A&M University

The Department of Geology and Geophysics, College of Geosciences at Texas A&M University invites applications for a full-time, non-tenure track, Instructional Assistant Professor, with an anticipated start date of August 1, 2022. This is a 9-month appointment for an initial three-year term and is renewable and promotable through the Instructional Professor Track at Texas A&M, contingent upon performance. We seek an energetic educator, with demonstrated commitment to diversity, equity and inclusion, to lead efforts to teach geology and geophysics to students from across the university with effective, engaging, modern pedagogies.

VG Abstract

The following short course option was developed for geology and geophysics students that have not had much exposure to how geoscience is applied in industry. It can be tailored for undergraduate juniors and seniors or graduate students. The agenda can be modified to meet specific needs and time constraints.

Request a visit from Fred Schroeder!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
VG Abstract

The following short course option was developed for geology and geophysics students that have not had much exposure to how geoscience is applied in industry. It can be tailored for undergraduate juniors and seniors or graduate students. The agenda can be modified to meet specific needs and time constraints. Contact the presenter to discuss options.

Request a visit from Fred Schroeder!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
VG Abstract

This lecture will discuss the differences between carbonates and siliciclastics from their chemical composition through their distributions in time and space. Building on these fundamental differences, we will explore the challenges carbonates pose to petroleum geologists in terms of seismic interpretation, reservoir quality prediction, field development, etc. Peppered with humorous personal stories, still raging academic debates, and the heartfelt frustrations of real industry professionals, the aim is to inspire students and young professionals to rise to the occasion and embrace the reservoir rocks that petroleum geologists love to hate.

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Request a visit from Noelle Joy Purcell!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
VG Abstract

Production from unconventional petroleum reservoirs includes petroleum from shale, coal, tight-sand and oil-sand. These reservoirs contain enormous quantities of oil and natural gas but pose a technology challenge to both geoscientists and engineers to produce economically on a commercial scale. These reservoirs store large volumes and are widely distributed at different stratigraphic levels and basin types, offering long-term potential for energy supply. Most of these reservoirs are low permeability and porosity that need enhancement with hydraulic fracture stimulation to maximize fluid drainage. Production from these reservoirs is increasing with continued advancement in geological characterization techniques and technology for well drilling, logging, and completion with drainage enhancement. Currently, Australia, Argentina, Canada, Egypt, USA, and Venezuela are producing natural gas from low permeability reservoirs: tight-sand, shale, and coal (CBM). Canada, Russia, USA, and Venezuela are producing heavy oil from oilsand. USA is leading the development of techniques for exploring, and technology for exploiting unconventional gas resources, which can help to develop potential gas-bearing shales of Thailand. The main focus is on source-reservoir-seal shale petroleum plays. In these tight rocks petroleum resides in the micro-pores as well as adsorbed on and in the organics. Shale has very low matrix permeability (nano-darcies) and has highly layered formations with differences in vertical and horizontal properties, vertically non-homogeneous and horizontally anisotropic with complicate natural fractures. Understanding the rocks is critical in selecting fluid drainage enhancement mechanisms; rock properties such as where shale is clay or silica rich, clay types and maturation , kerogen type and maturation, permeability, porosity, and saturation. Most of these plays require horizontal development with large numbers of wells that require an understanding of formation structure, setting and reservoir character and its lateral extension. The quality of shale-gas resources depend on thickness of net pay (>100 m), adequate porosity (>2%), high reservoir pressure (ideally overpressure), high thermal maturity (>1.5% Ro), high organic richness (>2% TOC), low in clay (<50%), high in brittle minerals (quartz, carbonates, feldspars), and favourable in-situ stress. During the past decade, unconventional shale and tight-sand gas plays have become an important supply of natural gas in the US, and now in shale oil as well. As a consequence, interest to assess and explore these plays is rapidly spreading worldwide. The high production potential of shale petroleum resources has contributed to a comparably favourable outlook for increased future petroleum supplies globally. Application of 2D and 3D seismic for defining reservoirs and micro seismic for monitoring fracturing, measuring rock properties downhole (borehole imaging) and in laboratory (mineralogy, porosity, permeability), horizontal drilling (downhole GPS), and hydraulic fracture stimulation (cross-linked gel, slick-water, nitrogen or nitrogen foam) is key in improving production from these huge resources with low productivity factors.

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Request a visit from Ameed Ghori!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
VG Abstract

In 1991, Gulf Indonesia and its partners discovered South Sumatra Basin’s first major gas field at Dayung in the Corridor PSC. A key feature of this field is that most of the reserves are held within fractured basement rocks of pre-Tertiary age. 

Request a visit from Charles Caughey!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
VG Abstract

The following short course option was developed for geology and geophysics students that have not had much exposure to how geoscience is applied in industry. It can be tailored for undergraduate juniors and seniors or graduate students. The agenda can be modified to meet specific needs and time constraints. Contact the presenter to discuss options.

Request a visit from Fred Schroeder!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
VG Abstract

Microseismicity induced by hydraulic fracture stimulation of a horizontal well was mapped with a near-surface buried array. Distinct linear trends of events were not parallel to the direction of fast shear wave polarization measured in the reservoir with a crossed-dipole anisotropy tool. Analysis of core from a nearby well revealed numerous calcite-filled fractures that did not induce shear wave polarization, but did significantly impact the failure behavior of the reservoir rock during the stimulation treatment. Hydraulic fracture simulation with DFN modeling and source mechanism analysis supports the interpretation of reactivated existing fractures rather than the formation of hydraulically-induced tensile fractures.

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Request a visit from Sherilyn Williams-Stroud!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
VG Abstract

The carbonate sequences that were deposited in the now exhumed Tethyan Ocean influence many aspects of our lives today, either by supplying the energy that warms our homes and the fuel that powers our cars or providing the stunning landscapes for both winter and summer vacations. They also represent some of the most intensely studied rock formations in the world and have provided geoscientists with a fascinating insight into the turbulent nature of 250 Million years of Earth’s history. By combining studies from the full range of geoscience disciplines this presentation will trace the development of these carbonate sequences from their initial formation on the margins of large ancient continental masses to their present day locations in and around the Greater Mediterranean and Near East region. The first order control on growth patterns and carbonate platform development by the regional plate-tectonic setting, underlying basin architecture and fluctuations in sea level will be illustrated. The organisms that contribute to sequence development will be revealed to be treasure troves of forensic information. Finally, these rock sequences will be shown to contain all the ingredients necessary to form and retain hydrocarbons and the manner in which major post-depositional tectonic events led to the formation of some of the largest hydrocarbon accumulations in the world will be demonstrated.

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Request a visit from Keith Gerdes!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
VG Abstract

Analysis of microseismicity induced by hydraulic fracture stimulation in the Marcellus Shale shows changes in stress state for different zones of failure. During the treatment, shear failure occurs on both the J1 and J2 fracture orientations in response to different maximum stress orientations, indicating localized changes in the orientation during the treatment. Reactivation of a fault near the wellbore is associated with failure mechanisms with a higher volumetric component, indicating possible inflation of faults and fractures by the introduction of the slurry. Quantification of the stress conditions that are associated with inflation could potentially be used to optimize the stimulation by identifying which fractures will preferentially take on slurry volume.

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Request a visit from Sherilyn Williams-Stroud!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
VG Abstract

In comparison with the known boundary conditions that promote salt deformation and flow in sedimentary basins, the processes involved with the mobilization of clay-rich detrital sediments are far less well established. This talk will use seismic examples in different tectonic settings to document the variety of shale geometries that can be formed under brittle and ductile deformations.

Request a visit from Juan I. Soto!

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)

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