Ready to buy or
need assistance?
Contact Us
1-800-364-2274

Carbon Capture and Sequestration–Expensive and Unproven

Published
American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)

Carbon capture and sequestration (CCS) is perhaps commercially viable but not proven at commercial scale, according to 100 clean-energy experts that recently released their recommendations to the White House: "Powering Forward: Presidential and Executive Agency Actions to Drive Clean Energy in America."

The authoring committee, a group of CEOs and energy experts led by former Colorado Governor Bill Ritter, Jr., focuses primarily on renewable energy and natural gas, but does take aim at the assumptions the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is using to justify its proposed requirement for CCS at new coal-fired power plants.

The EPA is precluded by law from requiring the use of technologies that have not been demonstrated commercially.

CCS can also be applied to natural gas-fired power plants and industrial facilities such as fertilizer plants.

The International Energy Agency reports (IEA, 2011) that electricity from coal power plants with carbon capture costs 74 percent more than reference plants without capture.  IEA also opines that CCS is an emerging technology in the power sector, where it has not been demonstrated at large scale.

The Congressional Research Service technology assessment (2013) states that the primary drawbacks to existing carbon capture technologies are their high cost and large energy requirements, and the lack of any commercial, full-scale plants using the technology.

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is the major supporter of capture and sequestration research, development and demonstration. Its program aims to develop by 2020 a portfolio of CCS technologies for large-scale deployment. In 2009 it selected three large-scale CCS demonstration projects that aimed to capture and store 6.5 million tons of CO2 per year. The three have completed phase I: research and planning, and are starting phase II: design, construction and operation.

  • Decatur, IL, project to inject CO2 into the Mount Simon sandstone. Archer Daniels Midland and the Illinois State Geological Survey project is awaiting a Class VI injection well permit.
  • Lake Charles, LA, project for CO2 use in enhanced oil recovery (EOR) in West Hastings oil field, TX. Leucadia has completed preliminary designs. Construction of the petroleum coke gasification plant, which will be the source of CO2, should begin in early 2014.
  • Port Arthur, TX, project by Air Products and Chemicals, Denbury, Valero Energy and the University of Texas Bureau of Economic Geology, will provide CO2 from steam-methane reformers for enhanced oil recovery. The project began CO2 capture and EOR in 2013.

Outside the U.S., Sleipner, a North Sea deep subsea injection project by Statoil has been injecting CO2 since 1996. It was the world's first commercial CO2 storage project. By May 2008 10 million tons of CO2 had been injected. Injection currently costs $17 U.S./ton CO2.

What Can I Do?

Add Item

Enter Notes:
 
* You must be logged in to name and customize your collection.
Recommend Recommend
Printable Version Printable Version Email to a friend Email to a friend

See Also: ACE Program Paper

ACE Program Paper Exhibition Hall Sedimentology and Depositional Environments of Cyclic Microbial Bearing Strata of the Cambrian Point Peak Member of the Wilberns Formation, Exposed Along the Llano River and Mill Creek, Mason County, TX Sedimentology and Depositional Environments of Cyclic Microbial Bearing Strata of the Cambrian Point Peak Member of the Wilberns Formation, Exposed Along the Llano River and Mill Creek, Mason County, TX Desktop /Portals/0/images/ace/2015/luncheon heros/ace2015-tp-student-posters.jpg?width=100&h=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true 14810

See Also: Online e Symposium

Online e-Symposium 3D Seismic Profiles of U.S. Shale Plays 3D Seismic Profiles of U.S. Shale Plays Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-3d-seismic-profiles-of-us-shale-plays.jpg?width=100&h=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true 1437

See Also: Asia Pacific Blog

Asia Pacific Blog Short Course by Jon Rotzien Short Course by Jon Rotzien Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/Short-Course-by-Jon-Rotzien-hero.jpg?width=100&h=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true 55864
Asia Pacific Blog AAPG Asia Pacific Malaysian Special Interest Group holds first gathering AAPG Asia Pacific Malaysian Special Interest Group holds first gathering Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/blog-apr-AAPG-Asia-Pacific-Malaysian-SIG-holds-first-gathering-hero.jpg?width=100&h=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true 55865

See Also: Events Blog

Events Blog AAPG 2020 Annual Convention & Exhibition More Content, More Attendees, More Impact More Content, More Attendees, More Impact Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/ACE hero 2020.jpg?width=100&h=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true 55195

Energy Policy Office