This course is for geologists, environmental scientists, and geological regulators, policy makers and investors who are interested in carbon capture and storage. The course will cover: the role of CCS within decarbonisation as an aspect of earth system science; why CCS is necessary; how CO₂ is captured in industrial processes and how it can be used industrially; the factors affecting geological storage; how CO₂ stores are monitored for leakage; how CCS will be regulated; how CCS will pay for itself; and the social licence for CCS. The course will be delivered in simple non-technical language suitable for non-specialists.
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|Section 1. The Geological Carbon Cycle
Natural geological carbon sequestration; The negative greenhouse; Capturing carbon fast enough
|Section 2. Anthropogenic Influences on the Geological Carbon Cycle
Fossil fuel use; Use of coal in the future; Case study Coal in Indonesia; Case study Shale gas in the US; Participant exercise: create your own energy system varying the role of CCS using the 2050 Calculator
|Section 3 Capturing and Transporting Carbon Dioxide
Chemical CO₂ capture; Transporting CO₂; CO₂ and decarbonisation clusters including hydrogen; Uses of CO₂ following capture - utilisation
|Question and answer and discussion on sections (1) to (3)
|Section 4 Geological Storage
Creating an underground CO₂ store; Depleted fields; Saline aquifers; Long term behaviour of CO₂; Storage space calculation; CO₂ storage in India, China and South Africa; Participant Exercise/discussion: geological, planning and environmental conflicts of offshore subsurface, seabed and sea surface space in the North Sea
|Section 5 Leakage and Monitoring for CO₂
How likely is leakage; Impacts of leakage; Detecting leaks; Regulation of storage
|Section 6 The Finances: How Do You Make CCS Pay for Itself?
|Section 7. Public Views of CCS
Participant Exercise Why did the Barendrecht CCS project go wrong?
|Section 8. Challenges and Opportunities in CCS in Southeast Asia
Regional hubs; Demonstration projects; International collaboration: technology transfer and financial assistance
|Question and answer and discussion on sections (4) to (7)