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The Upper Jurassic Arab Formation in the Arabian Peninsula, the most prolific oil-bearing interval of the world, is a succession of interbedded thick carbonates and evaporites that are defined stratigraphically upsection as the Arab-D, Arab-C, Arab-B, and Arab-A. The Arab-D reservoir is the main reservoir in Khurais field, one of the largest onshore oil fields of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

In Khurais field, the Arab-D reservoir is composed of the overlying evaporitic Arab-D Member of the Arab Formation and the underlying upper part of the Jubaila Formation. It contains 11 lithofacies, listed from deepest to shallowest: (1) hardground-capped skeletal wackestone and lime mudstone; (2) intraclast floatstone and rudstone; (3) pelletal wackestone and packstone; (4) stromatoporoid wackestone, packstone, and floatstone; (5) Cladocoropsis wackestone, packstone, and floatstone; (6) Clypeina and Thaumatoporella wackestone and packstone; (7) peloidal packstone and grainstone; (8) ooid grainstone; (9) crypt-microbial laminites; (10) evaporites; and (11) stratigraphically reoccurring dolomite.

The Arab-D reservoir lithofacies succession represents shallowing-upward deposition, which, from deepest to shallowest, reflects the following depositional environments: offshore submarine turbidity fans (lithofacies 1 and 2); lower shoreface settings (lithofacies 3); stromatoporoid reef (lithofacies 4); lagoon (lithofacies 5 and 6); shallow subtidal settings (lithofacies 7 and 8); peritidal settings (lithofacies 9); and sabkhas and salinas (lithofacies 10). The depositional succession of the reservoir represents a prograding, shallow-marine, reef-rimmed carbonate shelf that was subjected to common storm abrasion, which triggered turbidites.

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Isolated carbonate buildups (ICBs) are commonly attractive exploration targets. However, identifying ICBs based only on seismic data can be difficult for a variety of reasons. These include poor-quality two-dimensional data and a basic similarity between ICBs and other features such as volcanoes, erosional remnants, and tilted fault blocks. To address these difficulties and develop reliable methods to identify ICBs, 234 seismic images were analyzed. The images included proven ICBs and other features, such as folds, volcanoes, and basement highs, which may appear similar to ICBs when imaged in seismic data. From this analysis, 18 identification criteria were derived to distinguish ICBs from non-ICB features. These criteria can be grouped into four categories: regional constraints, analysis of basic seismic geometries, analysis of geophysical details, and finer-scale seismic geometries. Systematically assessing the criteria is useful because it requires critical evaluation of the evidence present in the available data, working from the large-scale regional geology to the fine details of seismic response. It is also useful to summarize the criteria as a numerical score to facilitate comparison between different examples and different classes of ICBs and non-ICBs. Our analysis of scores of different classes of features suggests that the criteria do have some discriminatory power, but significant challenges remain.
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Jurassic deposition in the Maghrebian tethys was governed by eustasy and rifting. Two periods were delineated: (1) a carbonate shelf (Rhaetian–early Pliensbachian) and (2) a platform-basin complex (early Pliensbachian–Callovian). The carbonate shelf evolved in four stages, generating three sedimentary sequences, J1 to J3, separated by boundary sea level falls, drawdown, exposure, and local erosion. Sediment facies bear evidence of sea level rises and falls. Lateral changes in lithofacies indicate shoaling and deepening upward during the Sinemurian. A major pulse of rifting with an abrupt transition from carbonate shelf to pelagic basin environments of deposition marks the upper boundary of the lower Pliensbachian carbonate shelf deposits. This rifting episode with brittle fractures broke up the Rhaetian–early Pliensbachian carbonate shelf and has created a network of grabens, half grabens, horsts, and stacked ramps. Following this episode, a relative sea level rise led to pelagic sedimentation in the rift basins with local anoxic environments that also received debris shed from uplifted ramp crests. Another major episode spanning the whole early Pliensbachian–Bajocian is suggested by early brecciation, mass flows, slumps, olistolites, erosion, pinch-outs, and sedimentary prisms. A later increase in the rates of drifting marked a progress toward rift cessation during the Late Jurassic. These Jurassic carbonates with detrital deposits and black shales as the source rocks in northeastern Tunisia may define interesting petroleum plays (pinch-out flanking ramps, onlaps, and structurally upraised blocks sealed inside grabens). Source rock maturation and hydrocarbon migration began early in the Cretaceous and reached a maximum during the late Tortonian–Pliocene Atlassic orogeny.
Show more American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
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Complex considerations: Mention the Bakken Formation and most people think of unlimited potential – but several dynamics have a huge impact on productivity.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
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Who’s got the last laugh now? The Uteland Butte once was a sandstone that operators quickly passed through – and often ignored – on their way to other targets. But things are changing in Utah.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
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This story is an illustration of how a single geologist working for a major company can develop new exploration concepts in a “mature basin” and turn it into one of that company’s most successful plays in the onshore United States.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
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Across the board: The Mississippi Lime play proves that hydraulic fracturing and horizontal drilling techniques can be used for more than just shale production.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
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Considerable effort has been devoted to the development of simulation algorithms for facies modeling, whereas a discussion of how to combine those techniques has not existed. The integration of multiple geologic data into a three-dimensional model, which requires the combination of simulation techniques, is yet a current challenge for reservoir modeling. This article presents a thought process that guides the acquisition and modeling of geologic data at various scales. Our work is based on outcrop data collected from a Jurassic carbonate ramp located in the High Atlas mountain range of Morocco. The study window is 1 km (0.6 mi) wide and 100 m (328.1 ft) thick. We describe and model the spatial and hierarchical arrangement of carbonate bodies spanning from largest to smallest: (1) stacking pattern of high-frequency depositional sequences, (2) facies association, and (3) lithofacies. Five sequence boundaries were modeled using differential global position system mapping and light detection and ranging data. The surface-based model shows a low-angle profile with modest paleotopographic relief at the inner-to-middle ramp transition. Facies associations were populated using truncated Gaussian simulation to preserve ordered trends between the inner, middle, and outer ramps. At the lithofacies scale, field observations and statistical analysis show a mosaiclike distribution that was simulated using a fully stochastic approach with sequential indicator simulation.

This study observes that the use of one single simulation technique is unlikely to correctly model the natural patterns and variability of carbonate rocks. The selection and implementation of different techniques customized for each level of the stratigraphic hierarchy will provide the essential computing flexibility to model carbonate settings. This study demonstrates that a scale-dependent modeling approach should be a common procedure when building subsurface and outcrop models.

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A joint AAPG–Society of Petroleum Engineers–Society of Exploration Geophysicists Hedberg Research Conference was held in Saint-Cyr sur Mer, France, on July 8 to 13, 2012, to review current research and explore future research directions related to improved production from carbonate reservoirs. Eighty-seven scientists from academia and industry (split roughly equally) attended for five days. A primary objective for the conference was to explore novel connections among different disciplines (primarily within geoscience and reservoir engineering) as a way to define new research opportunities. Research areas represented included carbonate sedimentology and stratigraphy, structural geology, geomechanics, hydrology, reactive transport modeling, seismic imaging (including four-dimensional seismic, tomography, and seismic forward modeling), geologic modeling and forward modeling of geologic processes, petrophysics, statistical methods, numerical methods for simulation, reservoir engineering, pore-scale processes, in-situ flow experiments (e.g., x-ray computed tomography), visualization, and methods for data interaction.
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Industry and academia are teaming up to pump up activity in the Mississippian of the Midcontinent United States.

American Association of Petroleum Geologists (AAPG)
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In-Person Training
Yangon Myanmar 21 February, 2017 21 February, 2017 34913 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/AAPG-EAGE-MGS-Myanmar-Geosciences-Conference-Hero-v2.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Structure, Geochemistry and Basin Modeling, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Business and Economics, Engineering, Basin Modeling, Petroleum Systems, Oil and Gas Analysis, Maturation, Clastics, Carbonates, Evaporites, Economics, Reservoir Characterization, Development and Operations, Production
 
Yangon, Myanmar
21 February 2017

"Mapping and Interpreting Deep Water Clastic Reservoirs"

Primary Instructor:
Robert C. Shoup, Subsurface Consultants & Associates LLC, Houston, Texas, USA.

Venue:
Sule Shangri-La Yangon Hotel

Pricing:
AAPG/EAGE/MGS Members : USD445
Non-Members : USD495

Fee includes course materials, lunch and two breaks.


The organizers reserve the right to cancel or reschedule courses in the event of insufficient registrations. Every effort will be made to give attendees no less than 7 business days notice of cancellation. The organizers will not be responsible for any costs incurred due to course cancellation.


Yangon Myanmar 21 February, 2017 21 February, 2017 36773 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/AAPG-EAGE-MGS-Myanmar-Geosciences-Conference-Hero-v2.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Structure, Geochemistry and Basin Modeling, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Business and Economics, Engineering, Basin Modeling, Petroleum Systems, Oil and Gas Analysis, Maturation, Clastics, Carbonates, Evaporites, Economics, Reservoir Characterization, Development and Operations, Production
 
Yangon, Myanmar
21 February 2017

Risk and Uncertainty in Offshore Exploration and Appraisal

Primary Instructor:
Mark Bentley, TRACS

Venue:
Sule Shangri-La Yangon Hotel

Pricing:
AAPG/EAGE/MGS Members : USD445
Non-Members : USD495

Fee includes course materials, lunch and two breaks.


The organizers reserve the right to cancel or reschedule courses in the event of insufficient registrations. Every effort will be made to give attendees no less than 7 business days notice of cancellation. The organizers will not be responsible for any costs incurred due to course cancellation.


Yangon Myanmar 25 February, 2017 28 February, 2017 34027 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/AAPG-EAGE-MGS-Myanmar-Geosciences-Conference-Hero-v2.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Structure, Geochemistry and Basin Modeling, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Business and Economics, Engineering, Basin Modeling, Petroleum Systems, Oil and Gas Analysis, Maturation, Clastics, Carbonates, Evaporites, Economics, Reservoir Characterization, Development and Operations, Production
 
Yangon, Myanmar
25-28 February 2017

The Myanmar Geosciences Society will offer a 4-day/3-night field trip to the Kalaw Basin to visit Mesozoic sediments of Kialaw Basin and view conspicuous surface geologic expressions of Sagaing Strike Slip Fault and Shan Boundary fault (Suture Zone), as well as various Paleozoic to Tertiary outcrops along the road sections.

Dar Es Salaam Tanzania 06 March, 2017 08 March, 2017 33259 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/sc-ar-sequence-stratigraphy-tanzania-hero-1.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Business and Economics, Engineering, Clastics, Carbonates, Reserve Estimation, Reservoir Characterization, Production, Bitumen/Heavy Oil, Coalbed Methane, Stratigraphic Traps, Subsalt Traps
 
Dar Es Salaam, Tanzania
6-8 March 2017

The paradigm of sequence stratigraphy has entered a new phase and these once revolutionary concepts are now applied in pre-drill exploration at ever-increasing resolution. The concepts also prove useful in production geology, especially in enhanced oil recovery efforts in previously abandoned fields.

Miami Florida United States 26 March, 2017 01 April, 2017 36438 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/ace17-ft-01-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Field Trips, Conventions, Pre-Convention, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Clastics, Transgressive Deposits
 
Miami, Florida, United States
26 March - 1 April 2017

In Conjunction with AAPG 2017 Annual Convention & Exhibition (ACE)
Carbonate rocks make up the majority of reservoirs being explored and exploited in unconventional resource plays. This trip will spend five days exploring a variety of modern, mud-dominated carbonate settings in South Florida, where the elements influencing the deposition of these unique strata will be observed first-hand and used as learning points for similar ancient deposits.

Houston Texas United States 30 March, 2017 02 April, 2017 36555 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/ace17-ft-02-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Field Trips, Conventions, Pre-Convention, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates
 
Houston, Texas, United States
30 March - 2 April 2017

In Conjunction with AAPG 2017 Annual Convention & Exhibition (ACE)
This field trip to the Cambrian microbial facies in the Mason, Texas, area will highlight several aspects of microbialite reservoirs including their composition, size and geometry. The Mason, Texas, outcrops afford spectacular views of both cross-section and plan views of microbialite facies, offering an opportunity for a truly 3-D view of the architecture of these potential reservoirs.

Houston Texas United States 05 April, 2017 10 April, 2017 36578 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/ace17-ft-06-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true SEPM, Field Trips, Conventions, Post-Convention, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Sequence Stratigraphy
 
Houston, Texas, United States
5-10 April 2017

In Conjunction with AAPG 2017 Annual Convention & Exhibition (ACE)
This six day Pecos River Canyon trip uses the superb and remarkably laterally continuous outcrops of this upper Albian ramp-to-intrashelf basin profile to develop a process-based, sequence stratigraphic framework for analogous Cretaceous reservoir systems surrounding the Bab intrashelf basin in the Middle East.

Houston Texas United States 06 April, 2017 07 April, 2017 35077 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/ace-sc-21-rock-seismic-sequence-expression-of-carbonate-systems-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Conventions, Short Courses, Post-Convention, Geophysics, Seismic, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Sequence Stratigraphy
 
Houston, Texas, United States
6-7 April 2017

In Conjunction with AAPG 2017 Annual Convention & Exhibition (ACE)
This two-day workshop provides an introduction to the application of carbonate facies, diagenesis, and seismic sequence stratigraphy to exploration and production. This includes marine, and conventional and unconventional carbonate reservoirs.

Windhoek Namibia 10 April, 2017 12 April, 2017 33241 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/sc-ar-sequence-stratigraphy-a-predictive-tool-for-e-p-industry-hero-1.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Engineering, Production, Reservoir Characterization, Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Carbonates, Clastics, Coalbed Methane, Bitumen/Heavy Oil, Subsalt Traps, Stratigraphic Traps, Business and Economics, Reserve Estimation
 
Windhoek, Namibia
10-12 April 2017

The paradigm of sequence stratigraphy has entered a new phase and these once revolutionary concepts are now applied in pre-drill exploration at ever-increasing resolution. The concepts also prove useful in production geology, especially in enhanced oil recovery efforts in previously abandoned fields.

Kampala Uganda 29 May, 2017 31 May, 2017 33266 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/sc-ar-sequence-stratigraphy-uganda-hero-1.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true Sedimentology and Stratigraphy, Business and Economics, Engineering, Clastics, Carbonates, Reserve Estimation, Reservoir Characterization, Production, Bitumen/Heavy Oil, Coalbed Methane, Stratigraphic Traps, Subsalt Traps
 
Kampala, Uganda
29-31 May 2017

The paradigm of sequence stratigraphy has entered a new phase and these once revolutionary concepts are now applied in pre-drill exploration at ever-increasing resolution. The concepts also prove useful in production geology, especially in enhanced oil recovery efforts in previously abandoned fields.

Online Training
19 March, 2015 19 March, 2015 16283 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/New-Insights-into-the-Stratigraphic-Framework-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
19 March 2015

A detailed biostratigraphic analysis and stratigraphic framework of the Paleocene and Eocene Chicontepec Formation in the Tampico-Misantla basin, onshore eastern Mexico, was conducted using 33 wells.

01 January, 2013 01 January, 9999 1459 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-cc-giant-oil-and-gas-fields.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
1 January 2013 - 1 January 9999

There are more approximately 1,000 oil and gas fields in the world that have been classified as "giant," containing more than 500 million barrels of recoverable oil and /or 3 trillion cubic feet of gas.

07 June, 2012 07 June, 2012 1488 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-new-production-in-oil-fields.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
7 June 2012

Unger Field, discovered in1955, has produced 8.6 million barrels of oil from a thinly (several ft) bedded, locally cherty dolomite containing vuggy and intercrystalline porosity.

30 August, 2012 30 August, 2012 1489 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-mississippian-carbonates-in-kansas.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
30 August 2012

The entire Middle Pennsylvanian–to–top Precambrian basement (500 m) interval was cored in early 2011 in the BEREXCO Wellington KGS #1-32 well in Wellington Field, Sumner County, KS.

10 November, 2011 10 November, 2011 1481 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-heterogeneity-in-carbonate-reservoirs.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
10 November 2011

This work investigates how heterogeneity can be defined and how we can quantify this term by describing a range of statistical heterogeneity (e.g. coefficient of variation and the Lorenz coefficient).

21 February, 2013 21 February, 2013 1495 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-petrophysics-of-carbonates.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
21 February 2013

The course will review core data, petrophysical comparisons, rock physics modeling (including pseudo logs and mechanical properties).

24 October, 2013 24 October, 2013 1499 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-geomechanical-data-from-petrophysical-logs.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
24 October 2013

This e-symposium will be introducing signal processing techniques as a means to maximize extracting geomechanical data from petrophysical logs.

28 April, 2011 28 April, 2011 1471 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-niobrara-petroleum-system-a-major-tight-resource-play.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
28 April 2011

The Niobrara Petroleum System of the U.S. Rocky Mountain Region is a major tight petroleum resource play.

11 November, 2010 11 November, 2010 1465 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-geochemical-evaluation-of-eagle-ford-group-source.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
11 November 2010

This e-symposium is ideal for geologists, geophysicists, engineers and other geoscientists who are involved in gas shale exploration and production.

14 February, 3000 14 February, 3000 7817 Desktop /Portals/0/PackFlashItemImages/WebReady/oc-es-generic-hero.jpg?width=100&height=100&mode=crop&anchor=middlecenter&quality=75amp;encoder=freeimage&progressive=true
 
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