EXPLORER correspondent Susan Eaton, an AAPG member based
in Calgary, Canada, got the chance to fulfill a longtime dream recently
by taking a field trip down the Colorado River through the famed
Along with her were other geologists who loved rocks,
spouses who were familiar with rocks and others who had thrown rocks.
For all of them, the trip was one worth remembering.
among the Seven Natural Wonders of the World, the Grand Canyon continues
to challenge all who venture into its depths.
From the hair-raising expedition documented by Major
John Wesley Powell in 1869 to the adventures of present-day explorers
and outdoor enthusiasts who shoot the rapids of the Colorado River,
the Grand Canyon continues to humble all who experience its majesty
and natural forces first-hand.
The Grand Canyon is to geologists what Mount Everest
is to mountaineers -- for centuries, explorers have made the pilgrimage
to these natural wonders simply because they're there.
The adversity that early explorers faced while mapping
the Grand Canyon is reflected in the names they gave the landforms
-- Boulder Narrows, Upset Rapids, Lava Falls, Vulcan's Anvil, Separation
Rapid. During the past five million years, the Colorado River has
carved down through the Colorado Plateau, exposing more than one
mile of geological section and two billion years of the earth's
geological history for the viewing.
hope that youre a better writer than you are boat driver,"
shouted one of
my fellow travelers. Thank you for the overwhelming vote of
Lets put this
uncharitable comment into context: it was the last afternoon
of the trip; the Colorado River was flowing lazily downstream;
there were no rapids on the immediate horizon; the river guide
was within reach, if necessary.
The tiller on the
motorized raft, however, was winning the battle.
Admittedly, I cut
quite an elaborate zigzag path from bank to bank to bank.
And, while the raft didnt actually reach landfall, my
prowess in boat navigation was brought into serious question
This June, an intrepid group of explorers -- led by
David Lazor and sponsored by the Houston Geological Society -- rafted
down 188 miles of the Colorado River during an eight-day period.
Led by three river guides, the group consisted of 31 participants
ranging in age from 13 to 69.
Although diverse in its make-up, the group had one
common thread -- everyone shared a love of the great outdoors and
a curiosity for science and nature.
Roughly half of the participants -- friends and family
-- came from non-geological backgrounds. The group included a crude
oil trader, a landman, an environmental lawyer, a chiropractor,
a Hollywood actor, a nurse practitioner, a dietician, a junior high
school counselor, a satellite communication engineer, a cell phone
engineer and two teenagers.
"The Grand Canyon," according to Lazor, "is an open
text book and teaching tool." Lazor, a consulting geologist and
AAPG member, has rafted the Colorado River nine times, leading seven
field trips with HGS.
is some of what this group learned -- about the Grand Canyon, and
about themselves as they experienced the Grand Canyon:
Wayne Orlowski, the field trip gave him a chance to share his passion
for geology with his partner. Orlowski, an AAPG member who is Americas
Marketing Manager (Global Energy Industries) for SGI, took Deborah
on her first geology field trip four years ago, on their honeymoon.
"When you go on vacation with a geologist, you see
the beauty," said Deborah Orlowski, a junior high school counselor.
"And you get the knowledge and understanding, a visual image in
Added Orlowski, "every day we awoke to another magnificent
display of nature. And, around the bend was something even more
exciting than the last one."
unique and ... perplexing." That's how Bill Wallace, a retired vice-president
of Texaco and AAPG member, described the Grand Canyon.
From a landform perspective, said Bill, "it's a very
difficult thing for me to understand. How do you carve something
down that straight without the sides collapsing? It just doesn't
AAPG member Dennis Ferstler was, like most, awestruck by the geology.
At Blacktail Canyon (mile 120), geologists can actually sit on the
Great Unconformity, where the Cambrian age Tapeats Sandstone sits
atop the Precambrian age Vishnu Schist.
"Seeing a 1.2-billion year unconformity -- that was
right off the radar screen for me," said Ferstler, president of
Alpine Resources. "That represents 25 percent of the age of the
(Wayne Orlowski was equally awestruck: "You could
spend the rest of your life thinking about the Great Unconformity,"
he said. "It's mind-boggling.")
Ferstler, who said he enjoyed meeting the older geologists in the
group, also saw the Grand Canyon through the eyes of Matt, his 15-year-old
son. This trip represented the longest period of time that father
and son had camped out together.
"I loved the Grand Canyon ... a lot," Matt said.
"I felt like I could tell someone about all of the layers of rocks."
slept out under the stars at night
-- this despite my dreams about marauding
cougars, tarantulas, rattlesnakes and scorpions (based upon
personal observations, I now know that scorpions come in orange,
yellow and black, and in different shapes and sizes ...).
day number two I stepped on a prickly pear cactus
and embedded 16 spines in the bottom of my
right foot they were painlessly extracted by a triage
expert/geologist from Texas ... After the prickly pear
incident, sandals became standard fare, and I understood why
tweezers were included in the equipment list."
One morning, Matt discovered a "bedtime companion"
while he was shaking out his sleeping bag -- the scorpion became
one of several specimens that ended up in plastic bags for the curious
Near the end of the trip, Matt heard one of the guides
describing a pair of luminous eyes staring in the dark from a cliff
overlooking the campsite.
Was it a cougar, a ringtail cat ... or a tall tale?
Whatever it was, the seed was planted -- Matt traded a view of the
Milky Way for a tent.
"Matt," his father explained, "wanted to be away
from the creatures."
For some of the older geologists, this trip represented
a piece of unfinished business, and the fulfillment of a lifelong
dream. Several of the trip's participants, the senior statesmen,
were over 60.
At 65, John Tubb recounted his childhood visits to the Grand Canyon
-- his father, an engineer, took the family to the South Rim on
several occasions, allowing them a mere 20 minutes to look over
the edge before departing. A consulting geologist and AAPG member,
Tubb had waited 50 years to return to the Canyon, and to explore
He went on every hike -- including a tough, six-mile,
three-hour trek with a grueling 800 feet elevation gain.
As the group's undisputed "Audubon expert," Tubb
made positive identifications of 23 species of birds, including
two species that he had never before seen.
He characterized the trip in five words: "hot, cold,
up, down, awesome." He described his parting image of the Grand
Canyon, the helicopter ride on the final day, as "living in an IMAX‰
"That young jockey pilot was headed for a side-canyon
wall," he said. "I thought, I hope that sucker makes it ... "
in the Grand Canyon soared to 110° F during the day.
was a precious commodity. I wore a sun block with a 60 SPF
that contained a lot of titanium oxide my pantomime
white face not only blocked, but reflected the suns
rays. I returned to Canada just as I had arrived in the Grand
Canyon a pale northerner.
I also returned
to Canada with a new group of like-minded friends who had
helped each other rise to the challenges of the Grand Canyon.
The forces of nature that shape the Grand Canyon ecosystem
-- the water combined with the desert's heat and cold -- extracted
a physical toll on the group. That's part of the Grand Canyon experience,
according to Mike Caifa, one of the river guides.
"Adversity brings the group together," said Caifa,
who has run the river 179 times. "You step up or you don't step
"I find most of the time that people step up to the
Jim Rogers and his wife, Vicki, were the couple who perhaps suffered
the most physically on the trip. For Rogers, a consulting geologist
and AAPG member, this was the first field trip he had taken since
On the first night of the trip he fell in the dark,
badly bruising his tailbone. That made sitting in a raft hurtling
over rapids -- one rapid dropped 37 feet -- a delicate proposition
and a daily challenge. The hot-dry-cold-wet cycles on the raft caused
Rogers' (and others) fingers and toes to crack. Crazy glue, however,
bonds to skin quite well, filling in cracks.
"Matt was a godsend for me," Rogers said, "because
when you're trying to paint crazy glue on your fingers and toes,
you can't do it yourself."
Rogers, an advanced nurse practitioner, injured both legs (not at
the same time). Despite this, she carried on with a makeshift splint,
not wanting to miss the hikes up side canyons. The daily treks up
the side canyons were punctuated with cascading waterfalls and green
swimming holes rimmed with ferns, watercress and columbines, and
populated with two- to three-inch-long rainbow trout.
For Vicki -- who has been stepping around Jim's rock
collection for years -- the field trip gave her the basics of Geology
"You couldn't help but learn about geology," she
said. "It was constant -- the rocks, the vegetation, the whole picture."
Added Rogers, "I felt like I had achieved something
that I hadn't achieved before."
Amy Farrington, an actor from North Hollywood, Calif., described
the shared experience of a group of 34 people -- many of whom didn't
know each other before the trip -- rafting down the Grand Canyon:
"It's like you're in a little bubble; it's your little community.
"And what about John Tubb?" she continued. "What
a warrior -- he wasn't going to waste one minute of it. That energy
and enthusiasm is infectious ... It kind of upped the ante for us."
So, what's an actresses' take on traveling for eight
days -- often in close quarters -- with a group of geologists?
She was bang on in her observations, noting that
geologists never miss the cocktail hour before dinner -- and the
socializing and story telling that goes along with it.
"I don't think that geologists are quite so different
from us," Farrington mused. "Geologists like to argue about how
things came to be because nothing is complete.
"All of them have their own theories," she added,
"and all of them think that they're right."