The world in 2002 might be spinning under
the influence of terrorism and reeling from other uncertainties,
but that hasn't stopped the planet's need for energy -- nor extinguished
the fire to explore and discover hydrocarbons.
In a word, the world's exploration possibilities
"Generally the activity in acreage awards around
the world is quite healthy," said Ken White, senior editor of the
"IHS International Oil Letter."
"Awards exceed relinquishments today," he said, "and
the market is especially strong in Africa,
South America, the Middle
East, the Far East and
He said there is a strong general interest in prospectivity
that is driven by restrictions on production.
"Companies need to impress shareholders," White noted,
"so interest is high in major areas of opportunity like Brazil,
where large chunks of acreage can make an impact."
"There is opportunity all over that continent today
and there is a large amount of acreage available in countries where
governments are trying to encourage investment," he said. "The opportunities
are not just confined to the typical producing countries like Nigeria,
Egypt and Libya."
Unlike Africa, activity is somewhat sluggish in Indonesia.
Plus, areas of unrest due to terrorist threats are extremely volatile
International success rates are very healthy, however,
which also encourages companies to continue looking for acreage,
he said -- and developing infrastructure is driving activity around
"Huge transmission lines in South America, for example,
have prompted companies to look for prospective acreage close to
these transportation corridors," White said.
A key transmission line for future exploration activity
is the 4,000-kilometer pipeline from the Tarim Basin in western
China to the industrial centers in the east.
"The joint venture framework agreement has been signed
by Shell, ExxonMobil, Gazprom and PetroChina," he said. "When that
line is in place in five years it will stimulate intense activity
along that corridor."
The following summary regarding available acreage
is an excerpt from the International Acreage Inventory, a quarterly
supplement to the International Oil Letter published by the IHS
Energy Group (www.ihsenergy.com.)
Algeria -- A Third Licensing Round includes 10 packages of
19 blocks in various basins. Also offered is a Berkine Basin
Project involving six fields that includes exploration through
marketing elements, with technical bids due in October.
Angola -- Three ultra-deep water areas that have been delimited
for future rounds are awaiting blocks definitions and bid terms.
Angola/Namibia -- A joint study of six undrilled blocks ranging
in size from 4,500 to 10,000 square kilometers is available
through WesternGeco, with direct negotiations welcomed and no
bid round planned.
Congo -- Areas are available in the 750,000-square-kilometer
Central Congo Basin and the 70,000-square-kilometer Tanganyika
Graben in the African Rift System.
Djibouti -- Three blocks onshore and offshore covering a total
of 7,900 square kilometers comprise the first-ever offering
for petroleum exploration. A 2-D non-proprietary, speculative
seismic shoot is planned by WesternGeco.
Egypt -- Thirty blocks in five basins are being offered, with
application deadline of October 1. A data room and data packages
are available at the Egyptian General Petroleum Corp. in Nasr
City and on the EGPC Web site.
Eritrea -- Despite ongoing conflict with Ethiopia, 20 blocks
covering 11,800 square kilometers in the Red Sea Basin remain
open for licensing.
Ethiopia -- Fourteen blocks are offered and the ministry is
seeking a spec seismic shoot.
Ghana -- Regulatory revisions are under way preparing for
an offering this year.
Guinea -- Nine deep- and ultra-deepwater blocks and 20 on
the shelf will be offered in the first offshore licensing round.
Kenya -- Twelve blocks, including on- and offshore areas,
are available for negotiation.
Liberia -- TGS-Nopec has 9,500 kilometers of seismic data
that includes deepwater and shelf areas -- the first in 15 years
-- and is organizing a licensing round.
Mali -- The first bidding round includes 15 blocks, with applications
open through September.
Mauritania -- Three areas are being offered, one of which
Niger -- Four blocks are offered, two in a basin in the western
portion of the country and one offshore.
Nigeria -- Further licensing rounds are delayed until at least
2003 due to excessive delays in concluding the year 2000 round.
Senegal -- Three deepwater tracts and four shelf blocks are
offered, along with four onshore blocks.
Sierra Leone -- An offering is imminent, with TGS-Nopec working
with the government to update legislation and contracts to complement
4,500 kilometers of seismic shot last year -- the first new
seismic data in 15 years.
South Africa -- A block relinquished by Phillips after completion
of an obligation well is being re-offered.
Tanzania -- A second offshore round offers seven new blocks
along with five others that received no bids in round one.
Tunisia -- A revised list of 24 blocks is being offered, with
a data room opened in Tunis.
Uganda -- Three areas in the under-explored Albertine Graben
are being offered under both royalty/tax and production sharing
Georgia -- A tender including two offshore and four onshore
blocks was expected to be announced in July, with 60 days to
Russia -- While a moratorium on acreage offerings has been
levied, states are preparing a number of tenders, including
a long-term exploration being considered in West Siberia. The
government of the Khanty-Mansiyskiy Automomous Okrug announced
the entire okrug will be divided into zones and into blocks
of 350-500 square kilometers, which will be offered to companies
through open auctions.
Turkmenistan -- 32 Caspian Sea blocks are on offer, and 18
blocks -- or parts of the blocks -- lie within zones disputed
by either Iran or Azerbaijan. Fifteen onshore blocks are also
Uzbekistan -- Direct negotiation is available on 16 projects,
plus eight proposed development projects on existing fields
requiring investment commitments of $242 million (U.S.).
Bulgaria -- A tender call was announced in June for two deepwater
blocks in the West Black Sea Basin, along with a shelf block.
Denmark -- The customary nine-month Open Door Policy is in
effect through September, where applications are accepted for
any unlicensed areas west of 6° 15' East.
Greece -- A Second Licensing Round is expected late this year
for onshore and offshore areas, including in the deepwater Ionian
Ireland -- An Open Door Policy is in effect for areas not
included in previous four rounds.
Latvia -- Offshore non-exclusive prospecting licensing for
a shelf area is open through August, along with a tender call
for three exploration permits unlicensed in the country's first
offshore bid round.
Malta -- Contracts are expected in the fall for five areas
ranging in water depths of 50 meters to 2,000 meters.
The Netherlands -- Two blocks are being reviewed for offer,
with the Ninth Round bidding just being closed.
Norway -- The government has indicated that licensing rounds
in the Norwegian Sea will be held every second hear. The 17th
Round closed in March.
Portugal -- Deep offshore bids for seven areas are being sought
Romania -- Six blocks, including five onshore, have been offered,
with bids open through August.
China -- Sinopec is seeking government approval to open four
gas fields in the Songliao Basin for foreign participation.
Also, two enhanced oil recovery contracts are offered in the
South Yellow Sea area and two blocks with deep gas potential
are available in the Bohai Gulf.
Additionally, CNOOC has been offering blocks in the Bohai
Gulf, South Yellow Sea, East China Sea and the South China Sea.
India -- A total of 27 exploration blocks have been offered
bid, including nine deepwater bocks, seven shallow water blocks
and 11 onshore blocks. Four are being offered for the first
time and the others with either reprocessed or new data.
Indonesia -- Migas intends to offer 23 blocks under production
sharing terms, with announcement expected in August.
Malaysia -- Various onshore and offshore blocks in three geographical
areas remaining from a late-2001 offer remain available.
Mongolia -- Direct negotiations are invited on 16 blocks.
Philippines -- Jebco is acquiring up to 10,000 kilometers
of data in three basins in the southern Sulu Sea in preparation
for a proposed licensing round in 2003.
South Korea -- Seven offshore blocks are open for exploration.
Thailand -- The 18th Round closed in 2000, and a moratorium
was declared. However, three additional applications were filed
for that round earlier this year. No timeframe has been announced.
Vietnam -- All open areas are available for direct negotiation
under varying contract regimes with PetroVietnam.
Bolivia -- Nine blocks have been nominated for bid, two of
which in non-traditional areas. Bids expected to open August
Brazil -- A disappointing 14 of 38 blocks offered received
bids in ANP Round 4 held in mid-June, with only two blocks receiving
Chile -- State oil company ENAP has yet to award a contract
to any of the several companies that have expressed interest
in ENAP's search for partners to rehabilitate 21 of its largest
Colombia -- Six blocks are being offered via farm out or joint
venture agreements by Ecopetrol.
Cuba -- Sixteen onshore blocks and nine offshore blocks are
offered "out of round."
Ecuador -- The upcoming bid round was reduced from eight blocks
to six, with two in Ecuador's Amazon region and the remaining
four along the Pacific Coast. Observers anticipate little bid
action until a newly elected government takes power in January.
Meanwhile, IHS reports the bid round to form operating alliances
with private service companies to rehabilitate 90 inactive wells
scattered in the Oriente region drags on, with no offers presented
and no date set for delivery of bids.
Falkland Islands -- New production licenses are being offered
on all acreage not already claimed, with certain exceptions.
Bids for open-door licensing can be submitted at any time, with
bids opened on the last working day of each month.
Guatemala -- An 11-block round planned for late 2001 is still
Mexico -- The long-anticipated First Multiple Service Contracts
tender is expected in November.
The tender represents the broadest opening of the Mexican
upstream sector in decades. It is anticipated that all contracts
will be limited to field development, with operations limited
to already-proven and audited reservoirs. However, field extensions
will apparently be permitted.
Contracts will carry a maximum term of 20 years broken into
Nicaragua -- Approval is expected this year for a tender covering
150,907 square kilometers, including offshore Caribbean and
Pacific areas as well as onshore coastal plain of the Pacific
Peru -- IHS indicates a planned auction of three blocks adjacent
to the Camisea Field has been abandoned due to lack of interest.
Three other blocks remain available through direct negotiation.
Venezuela -- A decision is imminent on a 10-block tender,
including five offshore blocks not awarded in last year's bid
round. The offshore areas lie in the 25,000-square-kilometer
Plataforma Deltana area on the maritime border with Trinidad
A wildcat in June confirmed the area's potential, and PDVSA
estimates gas reserves at 38 trillion cubic feet.
Iran -- Sixteen field development projects are being undertaken
in the Zagros Fold Belt, including eight previously unbid projects
offered under buy-back terms.
Iraq -- Seven exploration blocks covering 84,500 square kilometers
are offered in the Western Desert along the Saudi border, as
well as major field development projects throughout the country.
Jordan -- Five blocks remain open to foreign countries.
Oman -- PGS has an agreement to shoot and interpret seismic
on Block 41, which covers 19,500 square kilometers offshore
northern Oman. The block includes shelf and deepwater areas.
Qatar -- An open block of 2,830 square kilometers, considered
to contain an extension of the 90-million-barrel Balal Field.
Syria -- Eleven exploration blocks are open for application
to bid under production-sharing terms.