Attracting Developing and Retaining Top Technical People Return to Bio
Our industry is graying. The mentors in many of the major companies are gone, the in-house training programs in many major companies are gone, and the research centers in many major companies are gone. Comparing the E&P landscape just 10 years ago, many of the major companies themselves are gone, and have been replaced with very different looking organizations. Indeed, in 10 years, many of the people now working in the business will be gone.
The industry has been thinking hard about the “big crew change”. And as it takes some 10 years to educate and train entry level university students in the geoscience and engineering disciplines so they can begin to effectively contribute to their companies with minimum levels of supervision, there is no time to lose. A further challenge is how to build and maintain skills once professionals have entered the industry.
The paper will look at why relatively few graduates in engineering and the geosciences have been considering entering the Oil and Gas industry, and how the upstream business can make itself more attractive to young undergraduates. It will consider the education they can be given in universities so they are most effective upon graduation, and at how to develop and retain them through their careers. I shall focus on those areas where we, as professionals, have some control.
This talk is currently part of the EAGE (European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers) Distinguished Lecturer program and draws on work presented at recent Asia/Pacific colloquia and technical sessions on education and training (Lloyd & Ronalds, 2003, SPE 84351, Kaldi & Lloyd, 2003, Transactions of IPA, 29th Annual Convention, IPA, and Lloyd, Johnson, Laprea and Eckersley, PESA/AAPG Perth 2006). These papers focus on not only developing the geoscientists and engineers with the skill sets that the industry would like to see when they graduate, but also in keeping those skill sets current and further developing them during their careers.
The Quest for Energy Return to Bio
This comprehensive introductory treatment of the Oil & Gas industry starts off by looking at world energy needs, worldwide oil and gas reserves and the challenging careers that are offered as those reserves are found and developed. The importance of technology advances is highlighted.
Different inter-related disciplines in the oil and gas industry will be discussed; geophysics, stratigraphy, sedimentology, geochemistry, petrophysics and reservoir engineering. The importance of data integration will be highlighted.
Petroleum Systems will then be examined with a discussion of source rocks, reservoirs, seals and traps as well as the processes of O&G generation, migration and entrapment. The drilling and production of hydrocarbon accumulations will also be presented.
The presentation concludes with a review of the importance of professional society involvement in ones career.
Chasing Channel Sands in SE Asia Return to Bio
With technical advances in surface seismic and downhole electrical imaging techniques, it is now possible to not only map the distribution of reservoir sandstones in the subsurface, but to accurately define the orientation of productive fairways, or “sweet-spots”, within the sequence.
Channel sands frequently have favorable reservoir characteristics. Having often been laid down in higher energy settings, they commonly have coarser and better sorted grains, less clay and improved poroperm characteristics. However, they often have limited lateral extent and shoe-string geometries which make them more difficult to predict in the subsurface.
This paper will summarize the results of four case studies and some additional examples of how channel sands, laid down in different depositional settings, have been recognized with borehole imaging. From sedimentary features and palaeocurrent directions within the sands it has been possible to determine their orientation.
Further complexities in reservoir characterization, caused by thin beds or bioturbation; and how these effects can be recognized on the images, and quantified using other electric log data, will be discussed.
A sound understanding of the depositional model and the integration of all the available data (outcrop studies, seismic attributes, cores, logs and downhole imagery) allows channel sands to be identified in a wide range of environments. The ability to orient the channels and so map them in the subsurface provides the basis for reducing risk and optimizing the success ratio of both appraisal and development wells. Because of their potential as stratigraphic traps and production fairways, they offer good prospects for increasing recoverable reserves.
This talk has been presented for the SPWLA as part of their Distinguished Lecturer program.
Peter Lloyd received his Bachelors and Masters Degrees in National Sciences, Geology, from the University of Cambridge, England. He recently retired to Nice in France, after spending over 30 years in an overseas career with BP, Deminex, and Schlumberger where he enjoyed a series of technical, marketing and business management positions in exploration and production geology, as well as research and engineering. Peter has lived and worked in Europe, North and South America and both the Middle and Far East, and has lectured in Africa and the FSU.
He was part of the team that built the first micro-electrical scanning tool in 1985, and has specialized in high resolution image analysis and log interpretation in complex lithologies. More recently he has been involved in training initiatives, and he is currently a Tutor and Lecturer for Heriot Watt’s Masters Program in Petroleum Engineering.
Peter has taught extensively. He was Adjunct Professor on the University of Texas’ Software Engineering Master’s program, and a Visiting Professor with Brunei University where he taught modules of their Petroleum Geoscience programs. He has given more than 60 industry schools on Petroleum Geoscience, Subsurface Facies Analysis and Log Interpretation, and from 2001-2004 he managed a Schlumberger training company for the Middle East and Asia/Pacific.
Peter has presented more than 30 technical papers, and in 1999-2000 was an SPWLA Distinguished Lecturer addressing two themes, “Chasing Channel Sands” and “Evaluating Fractured Basement”. He is currently a Distinguished Lecturer for the European Association of Geoscientists and Engineers on careers and education.
He was on the Board of the SPWLA as Regional Director for the Far East from 1998-2001, President of the AAPG’s Asia/Pacific Region (1999-2002), an AAPG Delegate (1999-2008), and a member of the AAPG’s Advisory Council. He received an SPWLA Award of Appreciation in 1999, and an AAPG Distinguished Service Award for “promoting the internationalization of petroleum geoscience” in 2000. In 2002 he was elected as the AAPG’s Vice President. He was a candidate for AAPG President in 2005-2006.
Peter is a Past President of the Formation Evaluation Society of Malaysia, and has been active on the technical committees of several international AAPG, SPWLA and SPE conferences and colloquia. A “Certified Geologist” of the AAPG-DPA, and “Chartered Geologist” of the Geological Society of London, he is also a member of the DPA, EMD and DEG divisions of the AAPG. Other affiliations include the EAGE, SPE, SPWLA, the Indonesian Petroleum Association (IPA), and life membership of the Geological Society of Malaysia (GSM) and the South East Asia Petroleum Exploration Society (SEAPEX).